Electric Bicycles & More

Not everything is an e-bike. Learn the difference between emerging micromobility options, including pedal assist, e-bikes, e-scooters, mopeds and more.

Get There Safely by E-Bike

安全騎乘 E-Bike (Chinese) Llegue en bicicleta eléctrica sin peligro (Spanish) ই-বাইকে করে নিরাপদে যাতায়াত করুন (Bangla) Audio described version of this video in English

Types of Electric Bikes & Mopeds

Where you are allowed to ride and how you ride in NYC depends on the type of e-bike or vehicle you have. E-bikes and mopeds can look quite similar. Check the chart below to see what type you have.

Electric Bicycles & More Chart (English pdf) Bicicletas eléctricas y más (Spanish pdf) 電動自行車及更多電動車輛類型 (Chinese pdf)

E-Bike
Class 1

E-Bike
Class 2

E-Bike
Class 3*

Moped
Class C

Moped
Class B

Moped
Class A

Electric bike, pedal-assist Electric bike, throttle up to 20 MPH, operable pedals Electric bike, throttle up to 25 MPH, operable pedals Limited use motorcycle, low-speed, 2-3 wheels Limited use motorcycle, low-speed, 2-3 wheels Limited use motorcycle, low-speed, 2-3 wheels
How fast can I go? 20 MPH 20 MPH 25 MPH 20 MPH 30 MPH 40 MPH
Do I need a license? No No No Driver's License Driver's License Driver's License +M
Do I need to register my bike? No No No Yes, must be registered with New York State DMV Yes, must be registered with New York State DMV Yes, must be registered with New York State DMV
Where can I ride? Bike lanes & streets with speed limits no greater than 30 MPH Bike lanes & streets with speed limits no greater than 30 MPH Bike lanes & streets with speed limits no greater than 30 MPH Right lane and/or shoulder (except when making a left turn) Right lane and/or shoulder (except when making a left turn) Vehicle lanes
Do I need to wear a helmet? Recommended for all, required for 16-17 year olds & working cyclists Recommended for all, required for 16-17 year olds & working cyclists Yes, required by law Recommended Yes, required by law Yes, required by law

Chart Notes

  • Remember that other safety equipment is required by law or recommended for use with these vehicles
  • Mini-bikes, off-road motorcycles (dirt bikes), go-carts, and golf carts cannot be registered as vehicles in New York State and may not operate on sidewalks, streets, or highways
  • *Class 3 e-bikes are allowed only in New York City
  • E-bikes and e-scooters in areas administered by NYC Parks need to comply with NYC Parks rules
A delivery person riding an e-bike wears a helmet and orange safety vest while riding on a green bike lane.

Law & Enforcement

Pedal-assist e-bikes (Class 1) are allowed in New York City. As of November 23, 2020, all e-bikes (Class 1-3) are allowed in NYC.

Cyclists have all the rights and are subject to all of the duties and regulations applicable to drivers of motor vehicles: Review bike safety tips and NYC biking laws Download a complete list of New York City bicycle rules E-bikes can park on areas of the sidewalk intended for bicycle parking Get There by E-Bike (pdf)

Orange image with E-Bike information. Text reads: Can I ride an e-bike in NYC? Yes, if you are 16 or older you can now ride an e-bike or e-scooter in NYC. Can I ride in a bike lane? Yes, e-bikes and e-scooters (not mopeds!) are allowed in bike lanes. You may also ride on any street with a speed limit no greater than 30 MPH. Do I need to wear a helmet? Helmets are strongly recommended for everyone! If you are under 18 or your bike can go more than 20 MPH, a helmet *is* required by law. Helmets are also required for delivery cyclists.

Electric Scooters

E-scooters are allowed in NYC. They have handlebars and a floorboard or seat, and may be powered by electric and/or human power.

You must not operate an e-scooter in excess of 15 MPH.

E-scooters may be ridden in bike lanes and on streets with speed limits no greater than 30 MPH. Do not ride e-scooters on sidewalks.

Helmets are recommended for all e-scooter riders, and required for 16 and 17 year olds.

A person riding an e-scooter wears a helmet and backpack and travels along a green bike lane. Ahead of him is a cyclist riding an e-bike, wearing a helmet, riding along the green bike lane.