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Cancer is the second-leading cause of death, after heart disease in New York City. It is one of the leading causes of premature death. The most common types of cancer are skin, breast, prostate, lung and colon/rectum.
Learn what steps you can take to reduce your risk of getting cancer and how to catch it early.
Different types of cancers have different risk factors. You may be more likely to get cancer if you:
People with risk factors will not necessarily get cancer, and people without risk factors can still get it. We do not always know why some people get cancer and some people do not.
To lower your risk of some types of cancer:
Vaccines may prevent some types of cancer. For example, the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine may prevent cervical cancer. The hepatitis B vaccine may reduce the risk of liver cancer.
Screening can prevent cancer or find the cancer early, when it is easier to treat. The different cancer screenings you should discuss with your health care provider include:
If you are at a high risk for certain cancers, your provider may recommend other screening tests or more frequent testing. Talk to your provider about the benefits and risks of screening for you.
Most insurance plans cover cancer preventive services, such as colonoscopies and mammograms, without a copay. If you do not have insurance, you may be eligible to sign up for low- or no-cost coverage. You can also get free in-person assistance signing up for a plan.