On December 18, 2015, President Obama signed the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2016 (Public Law 114-113) which includes the James Zadroga 9/11 Health and Compensation Reauthorization Act. Public Law 114-113 amended Title XXXIII of the Public Health Service Act at 42 U.S.C. §§ 300mm – 300mm-61 to reauthorize the World Trade Center (WTC) Health Program for 75 years, ending in 2090.

The WTC Health Program consists of a Responder Program (for rescue and recovery workers, including more than 15,000 New York City firefighters) and a Survivor Program (for those who lived, worked or went to school in lower Manhattan on 9/11). Services are also available for responders to the Pentagon and Shanksville, Pennsylvania, sites also attacked on 9/11. Eligible people can receive services, no matter where they now live in the U.S.

The director of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) administers the WTC Health Program. The federal government and New York City pay for it.

In addition, the 9/11 Health and Compensation Act re-opened the September 11th Victim Compensation Fund. The fund allows those affected to file claims for economic losses due to physical harm or death caused by 9/11.