Asylum Seeker Funding Tracker

NYC’s Humanitarian Crisis Response

Since Spring of 2022, tens of thousands of asylum seekers — adults as well as families with children — have fled dire conditions in their home countries and crossed the United States’ southern border in search of safety and a better life. The Adams Administration quickly mobilized multiple city agencies to provide shelter, food, health care, education in culturally appropriate languages, access to legal information, and other critical services. However, as the surge of asylum seekers has continued, costs have grown drastically, straining the city’s already over-taxed shelter system, social services, and other resources to the breaking point. To address this humanitarian crisis, Mayor Adams declared a state of emergency in October of 2022.

The Administration has released The Road Forward: A Blueprint to Address New York City’s Response to the Asylum Seeker Crisis that guides the city’s response to the humanitarian crisis. The city’s approach includes a new Office of Asylum Seeker Operations (OASO) to oversee ongoing and future activities, and allow existing city agencies to refocus on their core missions. The OASO will coordinate between agencies, make sure that agencies have the resources they need, and manage our advocacy to the state and federal governments.

 Current Cost Forecast (as of April 2024)

 City Fiscal Year   Forecast Cost ($B)  Formula*
2025 $4.75 (36,939 households) * ($352/night average cost) * (365 days)

* Households and nightly costs are a nightly average over the course of the city’s fiscal year. The nightly average cost of $352 reflects the estimated per diem rate for FY 2025 as of the FY 2025 Preliminary Plan

 Current Budgeted Funding

FY24 - FY25 All Sources

 City Fiscal Year   Budgeted Funding ($B) 
2024 $3.76
2025 $4.75

Budgeted Funding by Source

                  FY24 ($M)             FY25 ($M)     
City Funds $2,287 $3,436
State Funds $1,312 $1,312
Federal Funds $157 -
Total $3,756 $4,748

 Actual Asylum Seeker Care Costs

The Administration has mobilized an all-of-city response that includes the work of more than ten agencies across five service categories. The cost by both agency and service type is noted below. These charts will be updated monthly, after all relevant data has been collected.

As of April 30, 2024:

By Agency

NYC Agency FY23 Total FY24 YTD Grand Total
H+H $469 Million $1.34 Billion $1.81 Billion
DHS $764 Million $944 Million $1.71 Billion
HPD $33 Million $345 Million $379 Million
DCAS $38 Million $248 Million $286 Million
NYCEM $88 Million $120 Million $208 Million
OTI $30 Million $80 Million $111 Million
DSS $15 Million $16 Million $32 Million
Law - $25 Million $25 Million
DOHMH $6 Million $8 Million $14 Million
NYPD $1.3 Million $16 Million $18 Million
HRO $0.1 Million $5 Million $5 Million
ACS - $5 Million $5 Million
DDC $1 Million $3 Million $4 Million
Parks $0.4 Million $2 Million $2 Million
DEP $0.3 Million $2 Million $2 Million
DYCD $0.5 Million $2 Million $2 Million
FDNY $0.8 Million $1 Million $2 Million
DOB $7 Thousand $0.4 Million $0.4 Million
DOE - $0.4 Million $0.4 Million
Total $1.45 Billion $3.16 Billion $4.61 Billion

By Work Type

Nature of Services FY23 Total ($M) FY24 YTD Grand Total
 House, Rent, Initial Outfitting $570 $1.30 Billion $1.87 Billion
 Services and Supplies $567 $1.24 Billion $1.81 Billion
 IT, Administrative Costs, and Other $149 $346 Million $495 Million
 Food $106 $210 Million $316 Million
 Medical $57 $63 Million $120 Million
 Total $1.45 Billion $3.16 Billion $4.61 Billion

Note: Totals may not sum together due to rounding

 Funding Commitments by Source (FY23 - FY25)

Asylum Seeker Funding Commitments

(1) Includes actual spending of $1.45 billion in FY23 and $8.5 billion budgeted over FY24 and FY25.

(2) New York State has committed $4.3 billion in funding for asylum seeker costs statewide in State Fiscal Years 2023-24 and 2024-25. The direct commitment to the City is $3.1 billion. From this the city has received $500 million in advance payments. The state has also provided $10 million for legal services and $20 million for case management and committed an additional $38 million for legal services and casework. On top of these funds, the state has agreed to reimburse the city for the costs of humanitarian relief centers located at Floyd Bennett Field, Randall's Island, and Creedmoor Psychiatric Center. This includes funding for up to 1,000 beds at Creedmoor and up to 2,000 beds at Randall's Island, with the estimated costs of one year of operations totaling $124 million and $248 million, respectively. The State has also committed to reimbursing the city for the costs of providing up to 2,000 beds at Floyd Bennett Field for one year, where operational costs are an estimated $280 million annually. The State has also made in-kind contributions to the city, separate from the items above, such as the use of the National Guard and rent payments to the National Park Service for the use of Floyd Bennett Field

(3) This represents total funding allocated by the federal government. To date the city has received $49 million of these funds.