American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers, a professional organization dedicated to the mission of advancing heating, ventilation, air conditioning and refrigeration through research, standards writing, publishing and continuing education. 

Budgeting agency

The city agency whose budget carries funding for the project until an OMB approved Certificate to Proceed authorizes the transfer of funds to the city agency managing construction or to the city agency that will hold the funding agreement or contract with a non-city entity managing construction.

Certificate to Proceed (CP) 

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) document that authorizes either the city agency managing construction of a project, or the city agency managing a funding agreement with a non-city entity managing project construction, to execute agreements or contracts for the release of city funds from the city treasury.


Collaborative for High Performance Schools, CHPS is the first green building rating program especially designed for K-12 schools in the United States. CHPS provides information and resources to schools in order to facilitate the construction and operation of high performance institutions, where a high performance school is defined as energy and resource efficient as well as healthy, comfortable, well lit, and containing the amenities for a quality education.

Funding agreement

Contractual agreement between a city agency and a non-city entity stipulating the terms related to the amount of city funding that will be contributed by the City to a capital project being constructed by a non-city entity.

Greenhouse gas emissions

There are six internationally‐recognized greenhouse gases regulated under the Kyoto Protocol: carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrous oxide  (N2O), methane (CH4), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), and sulfur hexafluoride (SF6).  These atmospheric gases are the key contributors to climate change.


Illuminating Engineering Society of North America, IESNA is a non-profit organization dedicated to promoting the art and science of quality lighting to its members, allied professional organizations, and the public. IESNA committee members develop standards, design guides, technical memoranda, lighting energy management materials, guidelines and lighting measurement, testing and calculation guides.


Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design, an internationally recognized green building rating and certification system that  provides third-party verification that a building or community was designed and built using strategies intended to improve performance in the areas of energy savings, water efficiency, greenhouse gas emissions reduction, indoor environmental quality, and stewardship of resources. More information may be viewed at U.S. Green Building Council.

Non-city entity

For the purposes of LL86, a non-city entity is an entity that is a not a city agency, where a city agency is defined  as "a city, county, borough, or other office, position, administration, department, division, bureau, board or commission, or a corporation, institution or agency of government, the expenses of which are paid, in whole or in part, from the city treasury".  Examples of non-city entities are most state agencies and public authorities, cultural organizations and other non-profits, as well as developers and other private companies.  Note that, by this definition, the NYC School Construction Authority and the NYC Economic Development Corporation are city agencies.

Potable water

Water of sufficiently high quality that it may be consumed or used without risk of immediate or long term harm.


U.S. Green Building Council, USGBC is a non-profit organization dedicated to a mission of market transformation through its LEED® green building certification program, robust educational offerings, a nationwide network of chapters and affiliates, and advocacy in support of public policy that encourages and enables green buildings and communities.  More information may be viewed at U.S. Green Building Council.