Yes, any member of the public may observe a hearing. Please note that most hearings are being held over the telephone. Call the OATH Hearings Division at 844-OATH-NYC (844-628-4692) if you have questions about whether a hearing has been scheduled for a particular summons. You will need the summons number when you call.
The date and time of your hearing should be on the summons. If your summons does not have a hearing date or if you are unsure of your hearing date, call OATH Hearings Division at 844-OATH-NYC (844-628-4692).
If you are unsure of when to appear, call OATH Hearings Division at 844-OATH-NYC (844-628-4692). If you are representing yourself, you can also contact the OATH Help Center for assistance by using this online contact form.
If you need to change the date of your hearing, submit the online reschedule request form or call OATH Hearings Division at 844-OATH-NYC (844-628-4692) before the scheduled hearing date. Each party may only make one (1) request to reschedule.
Most cases are being held with a hearing over the telephone. You must contact OATH at least three (3) days before your hearing date to request and schedule your Hearing by Phone. You can request your phone hearing by using this online form. If you want to appear for your hearing in person you must email OATH at firstname.lastname@example.org at least five (5) business days before the hearing date. OATH will send you an email confirmation of the scheduled in-person hearing date, time and location. You *must* appear at the scheduled hearing at the scheduled time or you may be found in violation of the charge by default.
Only if your summons says that you can. If you have any questions, call OATH Hearings Division at 844-OATH-NYC (844-628-4692) or contact the OATH Help Center if you are not represented by a lawyer and want assistance.
OATH does not participate in settlements. You should contact the agency that issued the summons for information regarding the settlement offer.
Some types of summonses may be contested by mail, online, or phone. If your summons says, "Must Appear," then you must appear in person or by phone for your hearing.
For further information, visit the Hearings Division section of this website or call OATH Hearings Division at 844-OATH-NYC (844-628-4692).
If you do not appear for your hearing, you will be in default. This means that you will automatically be found in violation, and the default penalty will be imposed. The default penalty is sometimes higher than the penalty that would have been imposed if you had lost at a hearing. Learn about missed hearings.
You are not required to have a lawyer, but you may bring one at your own expense. Respondents may also represent themselves, bring someone to help them, or hire a non-lawyer representative. If you are representing yourself you should contact our Help Center if you want assistance understanding the charges, the hearing process or have other related questions.
If you are not the respondent but want to participate in the hearing, you must ask the Hearing Officer conducting the case whether you will be permitted to speak. People who are affected by the outcome of the case may sometimes be allowed to testify during the hearing.
OATH cannot provide legal advice on what evidence will be sufficient to prove that you are not responsible for the charges in the summons.
You must submit any evidence, documentation, witnesses or other forms of proof at your scheduled hearing date.
For a Hearing by Mail or Hearing Online, you must provide all your evidence by attaching any documents, photographs, or other evidence to your submitted written defense.
For a Hearing by Phone you must request and schedule your hearing by contacting the Clerk’s Office three (3) business days before your scheduled hearing date using this online Hearing by Phone Request Form.
The hearing is your chance to present your side of the case. You should be prepared with everything you need to prove your case, including any witnesses, legal or official records, photographs, or other documents. The Hearing Officer can only review evidence or witness statements that are presented during the hearing. If you are participating in a telephone hearing, you should make sure that all your evidence is in electronic format so that you can email it to the Hearing Officer during the hearing.
You must request an in-person hearing by emailing email@example.com five (5) business days before the scheduled hearing date. If an in-person hearing is granted, you *must* arrive at the scheduled hearing time. If you arrive late, you may be found in violation by default.You should first check in at the reception area. You will be asked to sign in or complete and return a Notice of Appearance form.
If you are eligible and wish to perform Community Service instead of paying a penalty, you may request Community Service from the Hearing Officer at the hearing.
The Hearing Officer will hear your side of the case, including any documents or witnesses you want to present. If the enforcement agency sends a representative, the Hearing Officer will also hear its side of the case. The Hearing Officer will write a decision that will be served on you, either personally or by mail.
After the hearing, the Hearing Officer will issue a written decision, which will be provided to both parties.
Some decisions are issued on the same day that the case is heard. Other decisions are mailed to both parties on a later date. If you participate in a remote hearing your written decision will be mailed to you, typically within 10 days of the hearing.
You must follow the directions that the decision orders, which may include paying the penalty imposed, completing Community Service as directed, and/or fixing the condition indicated on the summons.
To find out when a summons is scheduled for hearing, call OATH Hearings Division at 844-OATH-NYC (844-628-4692) and provide the summons number.
For certain cases, the issuing officer will be present at the hearing. However for the majority of cases, the issuing officer is not required to attend the hearing and is not present. If either party wants the issuing officer at the hearing, the party must ask the Hearing Officer and tell the Hearing Officer why the issuing officer is needed. If the Hearing Officer decides that the issuing officer is needed, the Hearing Officer will adjourn the case to another day for the appearance of the issuing officer.
Call OATH Hearings Division at 844-OATH-NYC (844-628-4692) to request a copy.
If you are not the respondent or the respondent's representative on a case, but want to get a copy of a decision, you may make a request under the Freedom of Information Law (FOIL). All FOIL requests should be submitted through the Open Records Portal. You can expect to receive an acknowledgement of receipt of the request within 5 days of submission and a response from OATH within 30 business days.
To get a copy of the audio recording you must fill out and submit to OATH a "Request for Audio Hearing Recordings" form (available at any OATH Hearings Division location). There is no charge if the audio file is emailed. A fee of $3.00 will be charged for the audio recording if requested by mail or 25 cents per CD if picked up in person.
Yes. All summonses can be fought with a Hearing by Phone. The enforcement agency may or may not appear. If they appear, they always appear for the hearing by phone. During the hearing, you can submit evidence to the Hearing Officer via email. All hearings must be scheduled in advance.
To schedule a hearing by phone you must contact the Clerk’s Office three (3) business days before the hearing date to schedule your Hearing by Phone. You can submit this online Hearing by Phone Request Form and you will receive an email confirmation of the time, date and further instructions for participating in your telephone hearing.
It depends on the type of summons.
All summonses issued by the Department of Health & Mental Hygiene can have an Online Hearing.
No summons issued for alleged Vehicle for Hire violations is eligible for an Online Hearing.
For all other summonses, visit the Hearings Online page on the OATH website to determine whether you can have an Online Hearing.
If you are eligible to contest your summons by One-Click (online), you may submit your defense using a simple online form found on the OATH website. The form allows you to type a defense and attach up to three electronic files to support your case. The online form must be submitted ON or BEFORE the scheduled hearing date.
It depends on the type of summons.
All summonses issued by the Department of Health & Mental Hygiene can have a Hearing by Mail.
No summons issued for alleged Vehicle for Hire violations is eligible for a Hearing by Mail
For all other summonses, visit the Hearings by Mail page on the OATH website to determine whether you can have a hearing by Mail.
If you are eligible to contest your summons by mail, you may send a written defense to the following address:
OATH Remote Hearings Unit
66 John Street, 10th Floor
New York, NY 10038
Your submission must be signed and notarized and must be received before the scheduled hearing date.