Temporary Protected Status (TPS) allows individuals from certain countries to remain in the United States if it is unsafe for them to return to their home country due to a humanitarian emergency there. For example, the federal government may designate a country for TPS if there is an armed conflict (e.g., civil war) or a natural disaster (e.g., earthquake). TPS enables recipients to work in the United States lawfully and protects them from deportation as long as the TPS designation is in effect.
In order to receive TPS, applicants must prove that they have lived continuously in the United States since a date specified by the federal government. Countries' TPS designations come up for renewal at 6 to 18-month intervals, at which point the federal government again makes a determination about whether a given country can absorb its returning nationals safely.
Recipients must re-register for TPS if a TPS designation is extended, or in some cases ended. Visit the USCIS website for additional information about TPS.
If you have questions about whether you or a loved one might be eligible for TPS, free legal help is available. ActionNYC can provide free, safe immigration legal help in your community and in your language. You can call ActionNYC at 800-354-0365 between 9am-6pm, on Monday through Friday, to make an appointment.
In 2017 and 2018, the Trump administration ended TPS designations for El Salvador, Haiti, Honduras, Nepal, Nicaragua, and Sudan. Those terminations were initially blocked by courts.
Due to the ongoing legal challenges, on September 10, 2021, USCIS automatically extended the validity of TPS documents for El Salvador, Haiti, Honduras, Nepal, Nicaragua, and Sudan through December 31, 2022. Additionally, the Biden administration announced new TPS designations for Haiti in 2021 and Sudan in 2022. TPS recipients should continue to check the USCIS website to monitor for any further announcements and reach out to a trusted legal representative with any questions about the validity of their work authorization and documents.
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Is the Temporary Protected Status program ending?
No. TPS is a form of immigration relief created by federal law. The law allows the federal government to "designate" certain countries for TPS based upon country conditions.
However, each country has a different expiration date for TPS. The federal government is required to announce a determination at least 60 days before the expiration date of TPS for a given country.
By law, decisions on TPS designations must be made on a country-by-country basis. It is important for you to track when your TPS is set to expire. If you currently have TPS, you will have lawful status and work authorization until the date on which your TPS expires.
Where can I find out more about changes to TPS?
You should continue to check the USCIS website for additional information about TPS and any changes to TPS.
I'm worried that the federal government might not extend my TPS. What should I do?
Now is the time to look into what your legal options might be. You may be eligible for other forms of immigration relief. It is very important for you to get a legal consultation with a trusted legal services provider. Free legal help is available.
How can I avoid fraud while I am seeking immigration legal help?
Beware of unlicensed immigration service providers who take advantage of their customers. Get help only from a trusted, licensed attorney or an accredited representative. Only lawyers or those who have gotten permission from the Department of Justice can give legal advice. For questions about this, or to report fraud, call the New York State New Americans Hotline at 1-800-566-7636 between 9am-8pm, on Monday through Friday, or call 311.
Please visit our Avoid Fraud page for more information.
If I lose TPS, will I still have access to City services?
The City provides free, confidential immigration legal help. Call ActionNYC at 800-354-0365, Monday through Friday, between 9am to 6pm, to make an appointment with a provider in your community and in your language.
It's normal to feel anxiety and stress. You can talk to an NYC Well counselor who can provide you with confidential support. NYC Well can also connect you to mental health care in your language. Call 888-NYC-WELL, text "WELL" to 65173, or visit nyc.gov/nycwell.
IDNYC, New York City's free photo identification card, is available to all New Yorkers ages 10 and up. IDNYC applicants' information is confidential. Immigration status does not matter. To learn more about the many benefits, services, and discounts available to IDNYC cardholders visit nyc.gov/idnyc or call 311 and say "IDNYC" for more information and to make an appointment to enroll.
Volunteer with the Mayor's Office of Immigrant Affairs. Visit nyc.gov/MOIAVolunteer or call 212-788-7654 during business hours, Monday-Friday, 9 am-5 pm.
Inform & Engage: Invite the Mayor's Office of Immigrant Affairs to your community for a "Know Your Rights Forum." Visit nyc.gov/InviteMOIA or call 212-788-7654 during business hours, Monday - Friday, 9am - 5pm.