"Good morning, graduates, faculty, family, friends -
Quakers one and all! Thank you, Provost, for that kind introduction.
I've never been compared to Ben Franklin before, but if the wig fits...
"In gratitude, I will keep these remarks brief. As
big Ben himself wrote, 'He that speaks much... is much mistaken.' And I'll try
to make that the last Franklin quote I use. Let me start by saying how extremely
honored I am to be here today, and to receive this honorary doctorate degree. My
mother always wanted me to become a doctor. And my father, if he were alive,
would never have believed I got any degree.
"When it was offered, I asked President Gutmann if I
needed to attend some classes here first to sort of get the hang of the place.
She told me I was busy so not to worry - but I explained I'd be happy to - if
she could get me into the course taught by that actor from Harold and Kumar. She
"Still, this really is a dream come true: Standing here
in the legendary Franklin Field, where the Eagles played, where the movie
Invincible was filmed, where Howard Cosell once famously got sick during a
broadcast of Monday Night Football and where the rap star Ludacris recently
uttered the immortal words: 'It's all piña coladas... from here to the Bahamas!'
By the way, my speechwriter spent six days looking for a lyric from Ludacris
that I could say in public - and that's all we could come up with!
"I'm a graduate of Johns Hopkins - a little school not
very far to the south of here - but I really feel at home at Penn. First of all
- just take a look at the University's four undergraduate schools. It
feels like a grand tour of my life: I went to a liberal arts college - much like
Penn's College; I majored in engineering - another one of your great schools
here; I spent decades in the business world - think Wharton; and I've had a
lifelong commitment to public health - which is what your nursing school is all
about. So the degree I'm receiving is a perfect fit.
"And another thing: where I work in New York, I'm
surrounded by Penn alums: two of my deputy mayors, two press secretaries, my
legal counsel, and my speechwriter's brother, who is graduating here
"Now, as you'd expect, I'm completely prepared for this
occasion, ready to impart some indispensable words of wisdom - or dispensable
ones, depending on your ability to focus after a night of carousing before
graduation. But before I do, I want to recognize another special group: the
parents and relatives - who are sitting out there this morning, beaming proudly,
and not even thinking about what it cost to get you to this day, or what happens
if you can't get a job and have to move back home.
"So let's give them a big hand. They deserve
"It has been a great year at Penn - I know there's a lot
to celebrate. And perhaps the biggest event was just last month, when the
Democratic presidential juggernaut rolled onto campus. Political rallies, policy
discussions on Facebook, Steven Colbert, even a 1-2-3 punch from Hillary, Bill
and Chelsea at the Palestra. The University of Pennsylvania was the place to be
during the recent State primary. And that's a tremendous tribute to your
enthusiasm and activism.
"And for many of you - this November will be your
first time voting in a presidential election. You've come of age in a period
when no one can ever say, 'My vote doesn't matter' - because the election of
2000 proved that every vote counts. Or at least, every vote without a hanging
"You're lucky. You're getting to participate in
what may go down as one of the most important elections in American history, so
important that some people were encouraging me to get into it. I have to
admit: all the buzz was very exciting - and flattering. The covers of Time
and Newsweek, people from Al Gore to Bono visiting City Hall, I even got a small
part in the upcoming Sex and the City film. Unfortunately, my scene ended up on
the cutting room floor. Turns out they wanted more sex and less
"But in the end, I decided to stay with my current job -
one that has 591 days left before I'm term-limited out - but who's counting? And
instead try to influence the country that my two daughters will inherit by
speaking out as a concerned citizen, rather than a candidate.
"Now, I've been a Democrat, a Republican and now am an
Independent. So I think I can speak for many across the political
spectrum. But I'm not here to tell you who to vote for - I don't even know yet
who I'm going to vote for yet. But I do want to share with you what I heard from
the people as I traveled around America. Over and over, I heard them speak
of their desire president who will lead from the front, not follow what the
pollsters say is politically astute at the moment - wherever they happen to be
giving a speech: Someone who can break the death grip that partisanship has on
Washington, who can stand up to the pandering on trade and reject the reckless
diplomacy which, together, are destroying our relationships around the world,
and who can mobilize both parties to confront the big, long-term problems
they've been carefully avoiding - health care, immigration, Social Security,
poverty, infrastructure, budget deficits, you name it.
"Now, there are some signs that this year's crop of
candidates might do just that. But they're not going to do that without us
pushing them. It's going to take all of us, together, standing up and demanding
more from Congress and those who would lead our nation, demanding real change -
not words, but deeds, and demanding real results - not next year - or after the
next election, but now.
"It's not totally an overstatement to say our future is
in your hands after you graduate. And rather than tell you how to lead
your lives down the road - something you don't need from me after your excellent
education at Penn - let me talk about what I think you should demand from those
you elect. The candidates often talk about change and making a difference - but
what does it really mean? While Ben Franklin once compiled a list of '13 Virtues
to Live By' let me take a few minutes to share my '4 Virtues to Lead By.'
They've served me well in business, in government, and in
"And I think that if 'we the people' - a phrase
proclaimed just minutes away by horseback from this very location - challenge
the presidential candidates to embrace these four, we can begin to change the
culture of Washington and the course of American history.
"So here we go: It all begins with the virtue of
independence. That's a word you're probably used to hearing in this town but it
seems to lose its meaning as you travel south on I-95. When you go to Washington
now, you can feel a sense of fear in the air - the fear to do anything, or even
say anything that might offend the special interests. This is paralyzing our
federal government - and causing our leaders to shy away from common sense
solutions. For example: Today, 34 Americans will be murdered with guns.
And again tomorrow. And the day after that. America experiences the
equivalent of a Virginia Tech massacre every single day!
"The solutions are fairly obvious: since most murderers
purchase and possess guns illegally, we need to crack down on the black market
for illegal guns. Pretty basic stuff and it has nothing to do with the 2nd
Amendment. But try finding a majority in Congress who is willing to stand up and
be counted. Democrats, Republicans - they're all terrified! And people die as a
result. Children, parents, police officers. You've lived through it here
in Philadelphia. Every day, innocent people lose their lives because Congress
doesn't have the spine to stand up to the special interests. A little more
independence would go a long way toward reducing crime and solving many of our
other most serious problems. So starting here in Philadelphia, let's help put
independence, and independent leaders, back on the map.
"The second 'virtue to lead by' is honesty. Ben Franklin
said - another quote - I couldn't help it: 'What you seem to be... be
really.' Less spin. More sincerity. Here at Penn, you have all been
fortunate to be part of an institution that's always put an emphasis on
practical thinking, real-world solutions, and sticking to the facts. Don't
forget that - because there's no better way to get your point across. And
you'll find that even those who disagree with you will respect you for having
the guts to give it to them straight. If only Washington would learn this
"Today, we see people at the highest levels of
government manipulating the facts to fit their own agendas - especially when it
comes to science. You can see it at work in the decisions to restrict federal
funding for stem cell research, or to refute proven methods that stop the
scourge of AIDS here and around the world. It's a phenomenon I like to call true
"political science." But we should never - never - stifle scientific
investigation or ignore the facts for the sake of ideology or short term
political gain. That's not only short-sighted... it's completely
dishonest. You have a right to your own opinions - but not your own
facts. There's a saying I like: 'In God we trust. All others
"The third virtue is accountability. Accountability
means facing your responsibilities and never passing the buck. Anyone who works
in the private sector understands this. But how often do we see accountability
in politics? It's missing from our efforts to improve education, to expand
health care, even to confront the urgent challenges of climate change.
Cities across the country have been taking steps to reduce greenhouse gas
emissions and become more sustainable. So have universities like Penn -
which last month announced that it's increasing its use of wind energy over the
next two years.
"But in Washington, there's no meaningful action, just
talk of meeting goals in 2050 or 2070 - when none of those legislators will even
be around any more! I don't know about them - but we are breathing this air now,
drinking our water today, stuck in traffic that's stalling our economies this
year and every day becoming more and more vulnerable to coercion and terrorism
from oil-supplying dictatorships around the world that fear our freedoms. It's
easy to announce far-off, distant goals and then expect someone else to figure
out how to pay for them and complete them. Do any of you graduates feel
like putting off your goals for thirty or forty years? I didn't think so.
It's time Washington has the courage to tell the American people that there's no
free lunch - and the time to make difficult choices has arrived. As New
York Times columnist Tom Frieden said, 'It's too late for later.'
"And that brings us to the last of my four virtues that
make for great leaders, and successful individuals: Innovation. Good
leadership means having the courage to think outside the box... and never
settling for the same old, tired ways of thinking. As Franklin wrote
(sorry, last time): 'Do not fear mistakes - You will know failure.' No one
should feel sorry for me, but I've known it, too. Not everything I've
tried has worked. In 1981, at the age of 39, I was fired from the only full-time
job I'd ever had - a job that I loved.
"But I have never let myself look back, and the
very next day I took a chance and began my own company with the wild and
innovative idea of making financial information available to people, right at
their desktops. By the way, for the record being kept by those who
fired me. It
worked out just fine. And make no mistake: I'll fail again - many times more if
I stay active and try to push the envelope by innovating. For America, the key
to innovation boils down to one word. Do you know what it is? Well,
here's a hint. Let me ask everyone here who can trace their families back
to the Mayflower to raise their hands. Congratulations, you are related to
America's first immigrants. And the rest of us are the descendants of
"And the word I was thinking of, the key to innovation
is immigration. Our nation's greatest historic strength is that we've always
welcomed the best and brightest from every corner of the globe. eBay, Google,
Levi's, Budweiser, they were all started by immigrants. It's the story of New
York, and it's the story of Penn - which has the highest percentage of
international students in the Ivy League.
"And yet every year, Congress shuts the door to hundreds
of thousands of doctors, scientists, engineers, and artists from around the
world who want to work here. It's the greatest case of national self-sabotage
and attempted suicide I can imagine. If our country's future is going to
be as great as our past, we have to start realizing that immigrants have always
been - and always will be - one of our greatest economic and cultural
"And that's not a bad message to end with today. I have
no doubt that the amazingly diverse experiences you've had at Penn are going to
help you achieve great things. Some of you are going on to graduate school. Some
of you are heading into the job market starting tomorrow morning. That can be
scary, especially in this job market. To you, my advice is: find something that
teaches, humbles, and exhilarates you. And don't despair if your career
path doesn't follow a straight line. Plenty of successful people are doing
things that are radically different from where they started.
"Look around you - that party animal who lived across
from you in the Quad could be the next Donald Trump, that sophomore working at
Van Pelt, the next Mayor Nutter, that bookish grad student, the next Candice
Bergen. There will be ups and downs and sideways. I've been hired and fired,
lauded and vilified. But each day was a day I looked forward to - even
that day in 1981 when I knew I was going to be fired from the job I loved
because I've always felt that tomorrow will be even better. I have no doubt
that, for the great class of '08 that will be true, too. That tomorrow, you'll
embark on an unforgettable adventure. Tomorrow, with your newfound independence
with honesty and accountability, and the spirit of innovation you'll help build
a better world. But today, today, you've earned the right to one last brew at
"And why not? A great American patriot - whom I've
actually been compared to recently - supposedly said 'Beer is living proof that
God loves us and wants us to be happy.' And to send you on your way, graduates,
there is one more Quaker tradition I'd like to fulfill - especially here at
Franklin Field: 'A - toast - to - dear - old - Penn.'
"Congratulations to you all on this incredible