SPOTLIGHT ON: HISTORY OF NYC HOTELS
By Christine Bruzzese
the Biltmore to the Waldorf Astoria, New York City has been the home
to hotels both luxurious and budget. Many of these buildings have been
declared landmarks. This article features some resources in the City
Hall Library collection on the subject of hotels.
Peacock Alley: the Romance of the Waldorf-Astoria by James Remington
McCarthy in collaboration with John Rutherford was published in 1931.
It is a historical and social chronicle of the old Waldorf-Astoria Hotel
at Fifth Avenue and Thirty-Fourth Street (now the location of the Empire
State Building). The book describes the building of the hotel. Also included
are anecdotes about famous guests and particular events, closing of the
Waldorf at the old location and rebuilding on Park Avenue (where the
Waldorf remains today).
The Plaza: Its Life and Times, 1907-1967 was written by Eve Brown. Beginning
with the story of three men with a vision for a luxury hotel, the book
goes on to describe the early days of the Plaza. Changing economic and
social conditions during the Great Depression and World War II played
their roles. Also presented are stories of famous and infamous guests,
how the legend of Eloise at the Plaza began, daily operations of the
hotel and more.
Budget Hotels in Greater Time Square: Times Square Hotels Study was
published in 1981 by the City Planning Commission and Department of City
Planning. This report discusses the deterioration of hotels in the Times
Square area and what could be done to improve them and attract tourists.
Reasons for the decline are given along with analysis of the situation
at the time and recommendations for improvement.
Reductions in the City's Hotel Occupancy Tax Rate: the Impact
on Revenues was prepared by the Independent Budget Office (IBO). Published
in 1997, this report focuses on changes in the hotel occupancy tax made
in the 1980's and 1990's and their economic impact. Examined
are the issues of tax revenues, direct and indirect fiscal impacts and
Many hotel buildings have been declared landmarks by the New York City
Landmarks Preservation Commission. Among these are the Algonquin, the
Ritz Tower and the Hotel Chelsea. Explore the vertical files for further
materials on hotels.
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