What is probation?
Probation is one of the dispositions that a judge can give a young person after finding him or her guilty of the accused crime. While on probation, the youth lives at home and is assigned a probation officer who works with the child to make sure he/she can remain successfully in the community and not get arrested again.
What is a "Juvenile Delinquent"?
A Juvenile Delinquent is a child older than seven years old and less than sixteen years of age who has been found to have committed an act that would constitute a crime if committed by an adult.
What is "adjustment"?
Adjustment is when the Department of Probation decides to resolve the case through services rather than the through the court system. Adjustment services are provided for up to four months depending on the type of case. As part of the adjustment services, the child may be required to report to a Probation Officer, perform community service, and participate in any programs or activities deemed appropriate by the Probation Officer, the child and the child’s family.
What is an "I and R"?
I and R” stands for “Investigation and Report.”An I and R is ordered by the Court after the Court determines that the young person committed the delinquent act. The Department of Probation conducts the investigation in order to assist the Court in determining the most appropriate disposition on the case. In the report, the Probation Officer will make a recommendation to the Court as to what the best disposition (sentence) for the child should be. The recommendation generally balances the needs and best interests of the child and the safety of the community.
What is "adjudication"?
An adjudication is a decision made by the Court on the case.
What is a "disposition"?
A disposition is the final decision or sentence that a child receives after the Court finds that he or she committed the acts as charged in the petition. There are six types of dispositions:
3) Adjourned in Contemplation of Dismissal (ACD) for 6 months
4) Conditional Discharge (CD) for 1 year
5) Probation Supervision for up to 2 years
6) Placement in a juvenile detention facility
What is a "VOP"?
"VOP" stands for “Violation Of Probation.” A VOP is filed when a child on probation repeatedly does not follow the conditions of his or her supervision and/or gets re-arrested. The Probation Officer prepares a Violation Of Probation petition to return the juvenile to Court for further action.