Action Scenario or Condition: See With-Action
Scenario or Condition.
Action: That which is to be approved, funded, or undertaken
at the discretion of a city agency. An action (or set of actions), if approved,
would allow a project to proceed.
Action-with-Mitigation Condition: Scenario of the future with the
proposed action and any proposed mitigation measures in place that avoid or
eliminate identified significant adverse impacts of the project.
Build year: The year a proposed action would be
substantially operational; this is the year for which the action's effects are
predicted in environmental analyses.
CEQR: CEQR is New York City's (NYC) process for implementing
SEQRA, and cannot be less stringent than its state counterpart. CEQR adapts and
refines the state rules to take into account the special circumstances of New
York City. CEQR is governed by SEQRA, NYC's Executive Order No. 91 (43 RCNY, Chapter
6), and the CEQR Rules of Procedure (62 RCNY,
Conditional Negative Declaration: A lead agency's written
statement and determination that an action may have a significant adverse effect
on the environment, but that all such effects can be eliminated or avoided by
specific changes in the action or mitigation imposed by the lead agency, if
implemented. To issue a conditional negative declaration, the action must be
unlisted and involve an applicant. 6 NYCRR.617.2(h).
DEIS: Draft Environmental Impact Statement. See
Environmental Impact Statement.
Determination of Significance: Based on the information
presented in an EAS, the decision made by the lead agency whether or not a
project significantly and adversely impacts the environment. The three types
are: Negative Declaration, Positive
Declaration, or Conditional Negative Declaration.
Environmental Assessment Statement (EAS): An environmental
assessment statement is a form used to describe the proposed action, its
location, and contains a first level of analysis of the environmental review
impact areas to determine potential effects on the environment. It is used by a
lead agency to inform the Determination of Significance.
Environmental Impact Statement (EIS): An environmental
impact statement (EIS) is a disclosure document that provides a complete
analysis of all appropriate impact areas and provides a means for agencies,
project sponsors, and the public to consider an action's significant adverse
environmental impacts, alternatives, and mitigations. An EIS facilitates the
weighing of social, economic, and environmental factors early in the planning
and decision-making process. A draft EIS (DEIS) is the initial statement that is
circulated for public review and comment, which are then incorporated (as
appropriate) into the DEIS to produce a final EIS (FEIS). The FEIS is the
disclosure document upon which the lead and involved agencies base their
decisions as set forth in a Statement of Findings.
FEIS: Final Environmental Impact Statement. See
Environmental Impact Statement.
Generic action: A program or plan that has wide application
or affects a large area or range of future policies. It may also be referred to
as a "programmatic action."
Increment: The difference(s) in conditions between the
future without the project in place (No-Action condition) and the future with
the project in operation (With-Action condition). The environmental assessment
examines this difference to determine whether a project has the potential to
significantly and adversely impact the environment.
Interested agency: An agency that requests, or is requested,
to participate in the environmental review because of special concerns or
expertise. Interested agencies do not have the jurisdiction to directly approve,
fund or undertake a discrete action.
Involved agency: An agency, other than the lead agency, with
jurisdiction to fund, approve, or undertake an action.
Lead agency: The agency principally
responsible for carrying out, funding, or approving an action; therefore, the
agency responsible for determining whether an environmental review is
Mitigation: Measures to minimize or avoid an action's
significant adverse impacts to the fullest extent practicable.
MOEC (Mayor's Office of Environmental
Coordination): The Mayoral Office that coordinates the environmental
review process in New York City. MOEC provides assistance to all City agencies
in fulfilling their environmental review responsibilities and maintains a
repository of City environmental review documents.
Negative Declaration: A written document issued when the
lead agency determines that there would not be a significant impact on the
environment as a result of the project. See 6 NYCRR 617.2 (y).
NEPA (National Environmental Policy Act of
1969): If a federal agency funds part of a project, approves a permit,
or undertakes a project, that agency must comply with NEPA before taking its
action. NEPA requires all federal agencies to evaluate the environmental
consequences of proposed actions and to consider alternatives.
No-Action Scenario or Condition: Scenario of the future
without the proposed action, used as a baseline against which incremental
changes generated by an action are evaluated in environmental review.
Notice of Completion: A written document issued by the
lead agency that a DEIS or FEIS
has been completed. It contains prescribed information about the
environmental review and, for a DEIS, information about the public
NYCRR: The official compilation of New York Codes, Rules and
Positive Declaration: A written document issued by the lead
agency when it determines there is the potential for significant adverse impacts
in one or more technical areas as a result of the project. A positive
declaration leads to the preparation of a Draft Environmental Impact
Statement (DEIS). See 6 NYCRR 617.2 (ac).
Project: The result of an action or set of actions that is
approved, funded, or undertaken at the discretion of a city agency.
Project site: The site that would be directly affected by a
Public Comment Period: The period of time that must elapse
after the issuance of a draft document when the public may review and comment on
the draft. It generally must be a minimum of thirty (30) calendar days.
For a draft scope of work, the public comment period begins at the issuance
of the draft scope. A public meeting must be held between thirty (30) and
forty-five (45) calendar days after its issuance and the comment period remains
opens for a minimum of ten (10) calendar days after the public meeting.
For a DEIS, the public comment period begins at the issuance of the Notice of
Completion for the DEIS. A public hearing must be held between fifteen (15) and
sixty (60) calendar days after the issuance of the Notice of Completion and the
comment period must remain open for at least thirty (30) calendar days or for a
minimum of ten (10) calendar days after the public hearing, whichever is
Reasonable Worse Case Development Scenario (RWCDS): This is
the development scenario that is more likely to occur given conditions at the
potential project site. From the range of possible scenarios that are considered
reasonable and likely, the scenario with the worst environmental consequences
should be analyzed in an environmental assessment. The use of a RWCDS ensures
that, regardless of which scenario actually occurs, a project's impacts would be
no worse than those considered in the environmental review.
RCNY: Rules of the City of New York.
Scope of Work: A document that identifies in detail all
topics to be addressed in the EIS, including the methods for study, possible
alternatives to the proposed action, and mitigation measures.
State Environmental Quality Review Act: (SEQRA): Article 8
of the New York State Environmental Conservation Law. SEQRA requires that state
and local governmental agencies assess environmental effects of discretionary
actions before undertaking, funding or approving such actions, unless they fall
within certain statutory or regulatory exemptions from the requirements for
review. SEQRA is implemented by 6 NYCRR Part 617.
Statement of Findings: A Statement of Findings is a written
statement prepared by each involved agency after an FEIS has
been filed that considers the relevant environmental impacts presented in an
EIS, weighs and balances them with social, economic, and other
essential considerations, provides a rationale for the agency's decision, and
certifies that the CEQR requirements have been met.
Study area: The geographic area likely to be affected by the
pro-posed action for a given technical area, or the area in which impacts of
that type could occur. This is the area subject to assessment for that technical
Type I Action: An action that is more
likely to have a significant adverse impact on the environment than other
actions or classes of actions. A list of Type I actions appears in the SEQR
regulations at 6 NYCRR 617.4 and are supplemented with a city-specific list
found at 43 RCNY
Type II Action: An action that has been
either found categorically not to have significant adverse impacts on the
environment or statutorily exempted from review under SEQRA, and
correspondingly, CEQR. No action or class of actions listed as Type II
in 6 NYCRR 617.5 requires further review under CEQR.
ULURP (Uniform Land Use Review Procedure): The procedure by which
uses, development, or improvement of real property subject to city regulation
are reviewed pursuant to NYC Charter Section
Unlisted Action: An action that is
neither a Type I Action nor a Type II
With-Action Scenario or Condition: Scenario of the future
with the proposed action in place, used to compare with the No-Action
condition to assess effects on the environment due to the project. It
may also be referred to as the "Action