|| New York City's first public library, the New York Society Library, is established inside City Hall.
|1762|| First street lamps installed with City funds.|
||Battle of Golden Hill, first conflict of the Revolution|
||"Tea Party" in New York Harbor
||Battle of Long Island|
||Battle of Harlem Heights|
|| Battle of Pell's Point|
||New York City occupied by British.|
||New York City returns to American control.|
- Governor appoints a Mayor.
- Common Council meets.
- City Seal presented.
|| New York City becomes state capital (1785 - 1797) and temporarily the nation's capital (1785 - 1790). During this time, George Washington was inaugurated President at Federal Hall at the corner of Broad and Wall Streets, in downtown Manhattan.
By 1790, New York is the largest US city. In the same year, the Congress passed the Residence Act, which designated an approximately 10-mile stretch of land to become the nation's first capital by design. The site, located along the Potomac River, is now known as Washington, DC.
|| Ellis Island is purchased from the estate of Samuel Ellis by the State of New York and turned over to the Federal government.
|| Present City Hall completed. (Groundbreaking was in 1803.)
|| First horse railroad starts on 4th Avenue.
|| City of Brooklyn established, including towns of Williamsburgh, New Utrecht, Flatlands, Bushwick and Flatbush.
|| First uniformed police force organized.
|| A free academy, later known as City University of New York, is chartered by the City's Board of Education.
|| New York City holds the World Fair (at Crystal Palace near 40th Street and 5th Avenue.)
|| Central Park is purchased.
|| Brooklyn Bridge construction began.
|| The Metropolitan Fire Department is established, which possessed a paid uniform trained force.
|| The Metropolitan Museum of Art and the American Museum of Natural History were founded.
|| The Board of Education and The Board of Superintendents are established--Mayor William L. Strong signed into law a bill that centralized control over the New York City schools. The Board of Education, with authority over the business side of the school system, and a Board of Superintendents, in charge of education, established a school system that precedes by one year, the actual reorganization of the five boroughs into one city.|
|| Grant's Tomb is presented. Ulysses S. Grant, the country's 18th President, is honored with the presentation of 'Grant's Tomb,' the nation's largest mausoleum at Riverside Drive and 122nd Street.|
Under President McKinley's direction as host of the military and naval celebration, 60,000 parade marchers and a fleet of ships in the Hudson ushered in the celebration of the famed general and President.
This year, the Tomb is being feted with renovations to mark
|| The Charter of Greater New York was signed (to be ratified on January, 1, 1898. During this reform movement, Mayor Strong became (Republican) Mayor. Strong's reform administration inaugurated the modern system of street cleaning and refuse collection, among other things.
||The New York Public Library begins development. The Department of Public Parks was directed to erect a fireproof building to be used as a public library and reading-room. Competition for design was opened up and competitors were to submit floor plans.
|| Small Parks Commission is established -- Mayor Strong appoints a committee to act with him in an advisory capacity for the selection of sites for small parks. The "Small Parks Commission" submitted a report in October, stating that the lack of play spaces for children compelled them to play in the streets, which were already occupied by car-tracks and overcrowded with traffic.
|| On Ellis Island, the immigration buildings are destroyed by fire.|
The first public high schools are opened -- DeWitt Clinton (for boys), Wadleigh (for girls), and Morris (coed).
|| Williamsburgh Bridge opens.
|| First subway begins operation.
|| Holland Tunnel opens.
|| George Washington Bridge and Floyd Bennett Field (first municipal airport)
|| East River Drive construction begins.
|| Triboro Bridge linking Manhattan, Bronx and Queens opens.
|| Lincoln Tunnel opens.
- World's Fair is held at Flushing Meadows. (1939-40)
- North Beach Airport (La Guardia) is dedicated.
- Bronx-Whitestone Bridge opens.
|| Idlewild International Airport (JFK) opens.
|| United Nations Headquarters completed at UN Plaza.
|| New York Coliseum begins operations.
- Charter revisions adopted by voters.
- Throgs Neck bridge opens.
- Verrazano-Narrows Bridge opens.
- World's Fair held at Flushing Meadows, Queens (1964-65).
|| South Street Seaport restoration established.
- Police HQ. opens at Police Plaza.
- World Trade Center dedicated.
- Charter revisions approved by voters.
- Fiscal problems arise.
|| Recovery from '75 fiscal crisis marked by successful issuance of new City notes.
|| Amended charter issued:
- City Council redistricted and enlarged to 51 members
- Public Advocate made an elected office
- Board of Estimate disbanded, its functions split between the Mayor and the City Council.
|| City Council approves:
- Merger of Emergency Medical Service into NYC Fire Department
- Merger of Transit and Housing Police and Traffic Enforcement into NYC Police Department
- Creation of Trade Waste Commission to regulate private carters in City's effort to eradicate organized crime influence in that industry.