Mayor's Office of Contract Services
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Franchises and Concessions

Franchises and concessions are awarded in a manner similar to the procurement process (e.g., by using competitive sealed proposals or competitive sealed bids).  MOCS oversees and certifies agency compliance with the applicable laws and regulations for franchises and concessions.  In certain circumstances, franchises and concessions are also subject to the approval of the Franchise and Concession Review Committee (FCRC).
  • Franchises are grants of the right to occupy or to use the City’s inalienable property, such as streets or parks, for a public service, e.g., transportation or telecommunications.
  • Concessions are grants for the private use of city-owned property such as for food sales or recreational activity, with the City’s compensation typically tied to the concessionaire’s revenue.  Concessions are also subject to the City's Concession Rules as codified in Title 12 of the Rules of the City of New York.

The FCRC is comprised of six members: two represent the Mayor, one represents the Law Department, one represents the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), one represents the City Comptroller, and representatives of the five Borough Presidents share one vote, which is allocated according to the location of the franchise or concession at issue. 

To award a franchise, the FCRC must conduct a hearing and approve the franchise with at least five votes. In Fiscal Year 2014, the FCRC approved four franchise transactions, all of which were information services franchises.  The City's 60 existing franchises yielded greater than $200 million in revenue, including greater than $131 million from cable television and $48 million from street furniture (i.e. bus shelters, newstands and automatic toilets) during the reporting period.   

Concessions, depending on their award method, may or may not require FCRC approval.  Those procured by competitive sealed bid never require FCRC approval. In Fiscal Year 2014, the City awarded 125 new concessions and collected nearly $50 million in revenue from operating concessions.  The Department of Parks and Recreation (DPR) made greater than 89% of the awards, representing greater than 99% of the value for citywide anticipated revenue.

Public hearings are held for all "significant" concessions, i.e., those awarded via a method other than competitive sealed bid that either have a term of 10 years or more (including option periods) or a projected annual income to the City of more than $100,000 or are considered "major" concessions pursuant to the rules adopted by the City Planning Commission.

Concessions awarded via different procedures, i.e., sole source or non-for-profit, require two FCRC approvals, each with the support of at least four votes: first, a preliminary approval allowing the agency to enter into negotiations, and then, once the concession agreement is finalized, a vote to approve its grant. In Fiscal Year 2014, the FCRC approved five requests to negotiate sole source concessions, one by DPR, two by NYC & Company and two by the Department of Transportation, which had not reached the award stage as of the end of Fiscal 2014.


View committee agendas, transcripts, meeting dispositions and meeting documents
Download a PDF copy of the Concession Rules of the City of New York
Contact the Franchise and Concession Review Committee

Agency Annual Concession Plan
The Concession Rules require City agencies to create annual concession plans (referred to as “Agency Annual Concession Plan”) describing proposed concession actions for the upcoming fiscal year. These plans include all concessions set to expire, anticipated new and continuing concessions, as well as concession renewals and/or extensions planned for each of the five Boroughs in the next fiscal year. The Mayor’s Office of Contract Services then works with these agencies to compile a comprehensive Agency Annual Concession Plan. Previous Agency Annual Concession Plans can be accessed by clicking on the links below:
2015 Annual Agency Concession Plan
2014 Agency Annual Concession Plan
2013 Agency Annual Concession Plan
2012 Agency Annual Concession Plan
2011 Agency Annual Concession Plan
2010 Agency Annual Concession Plan
2009 Agency Annual Concession Plan

Annual Concession Report of the City Chief Procurement Officer
The Concession Rules require the City Chief Procurement Officer to produce an Annual Concession Report (“CCPO Annual Report”) summarizing the currently effective concessions awarded under Title 12 of the Rules of the City of New York. The summary includes: the registration status of each concession; a brief description of each concession awarded; the method by which each concession was awarded; and the approximate gross revenues received by the City for each concession during the prior fiscal year. The past CCPO Annual Reports can be accessed by clicking on the links below:
2014 CCPO Annual Report
2013 CCPO Annual Report
2012 CCPO Annual Report
2011 CCPO Annual Report
2010 CCPO Annual Report
2009 CCPO Annual Report

Additional Franchise and Concession Information
Below are a number of additional resources on existing franchise and concession opportunities and general information for the New York City Departments of Parks and Recreation, the Department of Transportation, and the Department of Information Technology and Telecommunications.
Department of Information Technology and Telecommunications Franchises - information relating to the cable franchise renewal process
Department of Information Technology and Telecommunications – 2010 Cable Franchise Renewal Solicitations
Department of Parks and Recreation Concessions
Department of Transportation Franchises and Concessions
Department of Transportation Pedestrian Plaza Program