How the Designation Process Works
All properties proposed for consideration as individual, scenic, or interior landmarks or historic districts, follow the same process to become officially designated by the Commission. Proposals for potential landmarks and historic districts are brought to the attention of the Commission’s staff either through:
- A Request for Evaluation from a member of the public, elected or civic official, or other party, or
- Surveys conducted by the Commission's staff
Surveys serve as inventories of the city’s significant buildings, and as planning tools that enable LPC to establish priorities and set goals for designating the next generation of landmarks and historic districts.
After the Commission’s Research Department conducts a survey or receives a request to evaluate a building or neighborhood, the following occurs:
- A committee consisting of the Chair, the Executive Director, the Director of Research, and other agency staff members determines whether the property or area meets the Commission’s designation criteria.
- Commission Review
- If the committee deems the property eligible for designation, a photograph, statement of significance, and the committee’s recommendation are sent to each individual Commissioner for comment.
- The Chair decides whether to ask the full Commission to vote publicly to initiate a formal review.
- Owners are notified if a formal review is planned.
- This is the first formal, legally mandated step in the designation process. The full Commission votes at a public meeting whether to schedule a public hearing on designation proposals.
- Public Hearing
- Anyone may testify about proposed designations before the full Commission. Notices of public hearings are published in the City Record and sent to the property owner, the Department of City Planning, and the affected community boards and elected officials.
- Before testimony begins at the public hearing, a member of the Research Department makes a brief presentation about the property under consideration for designation.
- Discussion and Designation Report
- While a historic district or landmark is under consideration by full Commission, the Research Department writes a detailed report about the property/ies.
- Owners are mailed a draft copy of these reports for review and comment. The Commissioners review the draft report and use it, along with public testimony, as the basis for a decision.
- Commission Vote
- The Commission then votes on designations at a public meeting. A vote by a majority of the Commissioners (six), is required to approve or deny a proposal for landmark or historic district designation.
- By law, landmark designation is effective upon the Commission's vote, and all rules and regulations of the Landmarks Law are applicable.
- Within 10 days, LPC files copies of the final report with the City Council and City Planning Commission, and sends a Notice of Designation to owners and the City Clerk’s Office.
- City Planning Commission Review Report
- For all designations, the City Planning Commission has 60 days to review and submit a report to the City Council about the impacts of designation on zoning, projected public improvements, and any other City development plans.
- For historic districts, the City Planning Commission must hold a public hearing prior to issuing its report.
- City Council Vote
- The City Council has 120 days from the time of the LPC filing to modify or disapprove the designation. A majority vote is required.
- The Mayor can veto the City Council vote within five days; the City Council can override a Mayoral veto by two-thirds vote within 10 days.
|Search for LPC Permits
Search our permits at The
Center for New York City Law