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NYC Department of Housing Preservation & Development
Residential Building Owners

Proactive Preservation Initiative (PPI)

The Proactive Preservation Initiative is the City’s comprehensive approach to identifying and addressing deteriorating physical conditions in multifamily buildings across New York City before they endanger the health and safety of residents and threaten the quality of the surrounding neighborhood. Proactive Preservative uses a network of information sources to preemptively identify at-risk buildings and, through a variety of intervention strategies and programs, provides the tools or incentives to ensure that owners are both accountable and equipped to maintain their buildings in safe condition. HPD evaluates approximately 500 buildings annually through Proactive Preservation.

How it Works:

  • Identify signs of distress in multi-family buildings using city-wide data and community referrals.
  • Survey at-risk buildings and recommend appropriate action based on observed conditions.
  • Publish addresses of severely distressed buildings, with violation counts, on a public list on the HPD website.            
  • Share data on distressed properties with lenders and regulators.

Based on the data and surveys, buildings can follow one of the following key pathways.: 

Severe Physical Distress

HPD’s Proactive Enforcement Bureau (PEB) performs roof-to-cellar inspections, issues code violations where necessary, and makes emergency repairs resulting in tax liens on the property. A 45-day inspection confirms whether violations were corrected

Housing Litigation Division pursues court-ordered repairs and civil penalties

Non-Emergency Physical Distress

HPD works with owners to assess needs, connects cooperative owners with assistance such as loans, or pursues uncooperative or absent owners with code enforcement

Little To No Distress

HPD monitors violation counts on a watchlist and resurveys if signs of deterioration emerge

Financial Distress

HPD may work with bank and owner to negotiate a transfer of the property into the hands of a responsible developer, with or without HPD loan assistance for repairs

  The At-Risk Building List:

Twice a year, HPD publishes a list of at-risk buildings that warranted action from the Proactive Enforcement Bureau (PEB) or Housing Litigation. Buildings are graded by a color-coded system—from green to red—that notes improvement or decline in the property’s condition. This list is also shared with building owners and lenders. To view the At-Risk Building List click here.

 Key Goals and Accomplishments (PDF)

   PPI Press and Events:


HPD Commissioner Wambua, Council Speaker Quinn Celebrate Success of Proactive Preservation Initiative and Announce Publication of the Second At-Risk Buildings List (press release)


Early Checks Help Multifamily Units,” Joseph De Avila, Wall Street Journal


Mayor Bloomberg Discusses Proactive Preservation Initiative in Weekly Radio Address (press release)


Proactive Preservation Initiative to Improve Conditions in Distressed Building Portfolio (press release)


Proactive Preservation Initiative Launch (press release)


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