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Candidate Physical Ability Test (CPAT)

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The CPAT consists of eight separate events. This test is a sequence of events that requires the candidate to progress along a predetermined path from event to event in a continuous manner.

This is a pass/fail test based on a maximum total time of 10 minutes and 20 seconds. The stopwatches are set to the pass/fail time and count down from 10 minutes and 20 seconds. If time elapses prior to the completion of the test, the test is concluded and the candidate fails the test.

The CPAT includes eight sequential events as follows:

  1. Stair Climb
  2. Hose Drag
  3. Equipment Carry
  4. Ladder Raise and Extension
  5. Forcible Entry
  6. Search
  7. Rescue
  8. Ceiling Breach and Pull

In these events, the candidate wears a 50-pound (22.68- kg) vest to simulate the weight of self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) and fire fighter protective clothing. An additional 25 pounds (11.34 kg), using two 12.5-pound (5.67-kg) weights that simulate a high-rise pack (hose bundle), is added for the stair climb event.

The events are placed in a sequence that best simulates their use in a fire scene while allowing an 85-foot (25.91-m) walk between events. To ensure the highest level of safety and to prevent candidate from exhaustion, no running is allowed between events. This walk allows the candidate approximately 20 seconds to recover and regroup before each event. If the candidate runs between events they receive one warning. A second infraction constitutes a failure, the test time is concluded and the candidate fails the test.

Throughout all events, the candidate must wear long pants, a hard hat with chin strap, work gloves and footwear with no open heel or toe. Watches and loose or restrictive jewelry are not permitted.


Resource Links:
8 Week Study Guide
Candidate Mentorship Program Fact Sheet
Candidate Physical Ability Test (CPAT)
Physical Preparation Guide
Probie Manual
RECRUITER Newsletter
Study Guide Test Questions


Video Series Links:

Intro: Attention all candidates
While at the FDNY Training Academy you'll undergo 18 weeks of intensive work, Your overall grade in the Academy will be 50 percent based on in-class exams and academics, and 50 percent on your physical fitness performance and test scores.

Probationary Firefighter School
This first section will introduce you to the academic and physical requirements of Probie School; the mentorship program; the importance of team concept; time management; and what will be expected of you when you enter the Academy.

How to read an FDNY Document (tips to read effectively)
This section will focus on reading the written materials you'll be responsible for, and techniques to improve retention and knowledge.

Effective study habits
Proper studying habits are key to absorbing, understanding and retaining information. This chapter will explain study techniques; when and where to study; how to study; and how to learn difficult facts, equations and numbers.

How to perform better on FDNY exams
This chapter will address test taking skills & techniques.

An overview of physical fitness standards
This chapter will explain Academy fitness standards and training techniques.

Candidate Physical Ability Test (CPAT)
This chapter will explain the Candidate Physical Ability Test (CPAT) and what is required to pass this test.


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