NYC Resources 311 Office of the Mayor
New York City Fire Department
Find Us on Facebook Twitter VineInstagramGoogle+ Follow Us on flickr Follow Us on Foursquare Like Us on Facebook Follow Us on Twitter Follow Us on YouTube Follow Us on Pinterest Tumblr Google+

EMT and Paramedic Frequently Asked Questions

Return to the FDNY EMS Recruitment

1. What does an EMT do?
2. What does a Paramedic do?
3. Do Paramedics & EMTs also fight fires?
4. What is REMAC?
5. Can I apply with any region's NYS REMAC certification?
6. Can you work for the Fire Department as an EMT or Paramedic with an out-of-state certification?
7. What is reciprocity?
8. Can an EMT or Paramedic promote to firefighter?
9. Do you need to be a NYC or NYS resident to be able to work as an EMT or Paramedic to work with FDNY?
10. What are the minimum and maximum age requirements for and EMT or Paramedic?
11. Do you have part time employment? Can I work summers only?
12. Will you hire an EMT or Paramedic with a student visa?
13. Will you sponsor an employee from another country?
14. Do you have to be a US citizen?
15. What are the pre- employment processing requirements for EMS titles?
16. Is the EMS Physical Agility Test the same as the one for firefighters?
17. Do you need college credits to be an EMT or Paramedic?
18. Do EMTs and Paramedics belong to a Union?
19. Are EMTs and Paramedics part of the uniformed force?
20. How long does it take to be promoted to Paramedic?
21. Do you train EMT's to be Paramedics?
22. How can a new EMT or Paramedic get permanent civil service status?
23. When can you join the City's pension system?
24. Do I have to pay for refresher programs after employment with FDNY?
25. Are all the EMT TOP classes given at night? Is there a day class?
26. Do I have to pay for my books, uniforms and equipment?
27. How often do I get paid?
28. Do I get a lunch or meal hour?
29. Will you amend my work schedule to meet my college schedule?
30. Will I be able to work the hours I choose and at a location close to my home?


What does an EMT do?

Answer: An Emergency Medical Technician provides basic life support (BLS) in a pre-hospital setting to individuals during medical emergencies. Basic Life Support may include CPR, oxygen administration, bleeding control, foreign body airway obstruction removal, and spinal immobilization.

Back to Top


What does a Paramedic do?

Answer: A Paramedic provides advanced life support (ALS) in a pre-hospital setting to individuals during medical emergencies. Paramedics receive more advanced training and can perform some invasive procedures and give some medications under the supervision of a physician.

Back to Top


Do Paramedics & EMTs also fight fires?

Answer: To They render patient care only.

Back to Top


What is REMAC?

Answer: REMAC is a committee comprised of physicians and paramedics who establish the scope of practice for paramedics in the NYC region. As the scope of practice varies from region to region for quantitative, clinical and didactic components, the REMAC Committee ensures that all paramedics in NYC operate under the same protocols. To work as a Paramedic in FDNT, you must have a REMAC certification.

Back to Top


Can I apply with any region's NYS REMAC certification?

Answer: No. You must have NYC REMAC certification.

Back to Top


How can I get NYC REMAC Certification?

Answer: The REMAC Challenge Exam consists of two parts: Part A is a 100- question test and Part B consists of three oral scenarios given by Board Certified Physicians. A passing grade must be achieved on PART A for the candidate to be eligible to take Part B. REMAC Challenge Exams are given quarterly in January, April, July and October. The fifty seats per test are scheduled on a first-come-first-served basis. The $50.00 fee includes a protocol booklet and is non-refundable. The NYC Protocols may also be downloaded from REMSCO at www.nycremsco.org

For more information you can call NYC REMAC at (212) 870-2301 or you may contact the REMAC Liaison, Paramedic Christopher Swanson, at (718) 999-2671. You may also email your questions to him at swansoc@fdny.nyc.gov

Back to Top


Can you work for the Fire Department as an EMT or Paramedic with an out-of-state certification?

Answer: No. EMTs are required to have a NYS EMS - EMT certification and Paramedics must have NYS EMS- Paramedic and REMAC certifications. If you have an out-of-state certification, you may apply for reciprocity of your home state's certification to NYS. See reciprocity.

Back to Top


What is reciprocity?

Answer: Reciprocity is a process where NYSDOH reviews the training you received in your home state to determine if it equates to New York State requirements. If so, you may be granted an NYS EMT or Paramedic certification.You should contact the Reciprocity Unit of the NYS Department of Health (NYSDOH) at (518) 402-0996 to request a reciprocity package.

Back to Top


Can an EMT or Paramedic promote to firefighter?

Answer: Yes. Please click here for more information on the process.

Back to Top


Do you need to be a NYC or NYS resident to be able to work as an EMT or Paramedic to work with FDNY?

Answer: No EMTs and Paramedics do not have a residency requirement.

Back to Top


What are the minimum and maximum age requirements for and EMT or Paramedic?

Answer: You must be a minimum of 18 years of age to be hired. There is no maximum age limit.

Back to Top



Do you have part time employment? Can I work summers only?

Answer: No. FDNY offers full-time EMS work only.

Back to Top


Will you hire an EMT or Paramedic with a student visa?

Answer: NO.

Back to Top


Will you sponsor an employee from another country?

Answer: NO.

Back to Top


Do you have to be a US citizen?

Answer: No. You need to have permission to work in this country.

Back to Top



What are the pre- employment processing requirements for EMS titles?

Answer: Candidates for EMT and Paramedic positions must successfully complete the following pre-employment processing: complete a Physical Agility Test, a comprehensive background investigation, psychological written examination, interview and medical examination.

Back to Top


Is the EMS Physical Agility Test the same as the one for firefighters?

Answer: No. The EMS Physical Agility Test is designed to test the job-related functions performed by EMTs and Paramedics.

Back to Top


Do you need college credits to be an EMT or Paramedic?

Answer: No.

Back to Top


Do EMTs and Paramedics belong to a Union?

Answer: Yes. They are represented by Local #2507 of District Council 37.

Back to Top


Are EMTs and Paramedics part of the uniformed force?

Answer: No. Although EMTs and Paramedics wear a uniform, they are still considered civilian employees of FDNY, and following the rules and regulations of the City's career & salary plan and the EMS Command.

Back to Top


How long does it take to be promoted to Paramedic?

Answer: EMT's may request to be considered for a Paramedic Upgrade by submitting copies of their REMAC & Paramedic certification and following the procedures listed in the EMS Command Operating Guide. When we have vacancies we review the requests and qualified staff are promoted. There are no times frames on this process.

Back to Top


Do you train EMT's to be Paramedics?

Answer: Currently, there is no in-house Paramedic basic training program offered by FDNY. However, there is a forgivable loan program offered to those EMTs who apply and are eligible. They must be employed as an FDNY EMT for a period of one year as a minimum requirement. They would receive the training from an outside-accredited institution while still fulfilling their regular duty position. Once paramedic certifications (both NYS DOH & NYC REMAC) are obtained FDNY EMTs may apply for upgrade to paramedic. The Paramedic Upgrade Program is offered several times a year.

Back to Top


How can a new EMT or Paramedic get permanent civil service status?

Answer: EMTs and Paramedics may apply for civil service during open filing periods. Information pertaining to civil service (Permanent) appointment can be found in The Chief-leader newspaper and on the FDNY and City of New York websites:
Log on to www.nyc.gov/fdny and search for 'Exams Schedule & information about EMS.

The Notice of Exam and required forms, i.e., application, Education and Experience test paper and Foreign Education Fact Sheet (if applicable) may also be downloaded. Carefully complete the required forms and mail them as directed in the notice of exam no later than the specified date.

Back to Top


When can you join the City's pension system?

Answer: Employees may join any time they want, but permanent employees (civil service) must join NYCERS within 6 months of appointment from the civil service list.

Back to Top


Do I have to pay for refresher programs after employment with FDNY?

Answer: No. As long as you remain an active FDNY EMS employee, you will be provided refresher training at no cost to you.

Back to Top



Are all the EMT TOP classes given at night? Is there a day class?

Answer: EMT Trainee Orientation Program classes are conducted from 3:00pm to 11:00 PM, Monday through Friday. However, FDNY also conducts once a year day classes, 7:00 AM to 3:00 PM to accommodate qualified individuals who would be unable to attend the evening session.

Back to Top


Do I have to pay for my books, uniforms and equipment?

Answer: No. All training materials, books, uniforms and equipment are provided to you by FDNY at no cost.

Back to Top


How often do I get paid?

Answer: Bi-weekly (every two weeks).

Back to Top


Do I get a lunch or meal hour?

Answer: No. EMTs and Paramedics do not have a dedicated meal hour. They are financially compensated for a half-hour lunch period. This is incorporated in your bi-weekly paycheck.

Back to Top



Will you amend my work schedule to meet my college schedule?

Answer: Wherever possible, the Department tries to accommodate its employees. However, staffing levels and other factors may not always make this possible. FDNY responsibility to the Public required that we have appropriate staffing levels each day.

Back to Top


Will I be able to work the hours I choose and at a location close to my home?

Answer: FDNY makes every effort to accommodate all requests. However, ambulance stations are located throughout the five boroughs and ambulances run 24-hours per day, seven days a week. Your assigned location and tour (working hours) will be determined in large part by availability.

Copyright 2013 The City of New York Contact Us Privacy Policy Terms of Use