NYC Vital Signs Reports
Vital Statistics Summaries
- Summary of Vital Statistics, 2008, City of New York (PDF)
The Department of Health's report of 2008 Vital Statistics data reveals a continuing decline in smoking-attributable deaths, which have fallen by 11 percent since 2003 (from 8,520 to 7,569 deaths among adults 35 and older). Smoking-induced cardiovascular diseases, including heart attacks and strokes, claimed 591 fewer lives in 2008 than in 2003. Recent declines in the City's smoking rate should yield even greater benefits in future years.
>Read the press release
- Summary of Vital Statistics, 2007, City of New York (PDF)
The 2007 report shows smoking-related deaths fell again last year. This is due to a declining smoking rate brought on by aggressive anti-tobacco efforts that began in 2002. Smoking killed an estimated 7,400 New Yorkers in 2007, down from 8,700 in 2002. When smokers quit, the risk of heart attack decreases rapidly, while the risk of cancer decreases more gradually. According to methodology used by the CDC to estimate smoking-attributable deaths, there were approximately 800 fewer cardiovascular disease deaths in 2007 than 2002, 200 fewer cancer deaths, and 250 fewer deaths caused by lung disease.
>Read the press release
- Summary of Vital Statistics, 2006, City of New York (PDF)
The Department of Health's report of 2006 Vital Statistics data reveals a steady decline in all smoking-related deaths, which fell by 11.2% between 2002 and 2006. Among adults 35 and older smoking related deaths decreased from 8,722 to 7,744. Deaths from smoking-induced cardiovascular diseases including heart attacks and strokes fell by 14% from 2002 to 2006. Fatal lung cancer fell by 8% during the same period, and deaths from chronic airway obstruction declined by 17%. Recent declines in NYC's smoking rate should yield similar benefits in future years.
>Read the press release
- Summary of Vital Statistics, 2005, City of New York (PDF)
For the 2005 report, the Health Department conducted a new analysis on smoking related deaths, which have been decreasing steadily. Smoking attributable deaths decreased from 8,960 in 2001 to 8,096 in 2005 (10%). Most of that decline was due to the impact of reduced smoking on heart disease deaths. Smoking-attributable deaths also include cancer of the trachea, lung and bronchus and chronic airway obstruction; these causes of death take longer to decline after people stop smoking.
>Read the press release
- Summary of Vital Statistics, 2004, City of New York (PDF)
New York City's death rate reached a historic low of 7.2 per 1,000 people in 2004. The greatest contributing factors to the decrease in deaths were a reduction in heart attack deaths (down 14% from 2003). The decline in deaths from heart disease reflects a continuing improvement in medical care, including better control of blood pressure, cholesterol and management of patients with cardiac events. A more rapid decline in cardiac deaths in 2003 and 2004 is consistent with a decrease by 200,000 in the number of New Yorkers who smoke.
> Read the press release
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DOHMH Journal Articles
Coady MH, Chan CA, Auer K, Farley SM, Kilgore EA, Kansagra SM. Awareness and impact of New York City's point-of-sale tobacco health warning signs. Tob Control. 2012. [Online First]
Johns M, Coady MH, Chan CA, Farley S, Kansagra SM. Evaluating New York City's smoke-free parks and beaches law: A critical multiplist approach to assessing behavioral impact. Am J Community Psychol. 2012. 10.1007/s10464-012-9519-5.
Sacks R, Coady MH, Mbamalu IG, Johns M, Kansagra SM. Exploring the next frontier for tobacco control: Nondaily smoking among New York City adults. J Environ Public Health. 2012 10.1155/2012/145861.
Coady MH, Jasek J, Davis K, Kerker B, Kilgore EA, Perl SB. Changes in daily smoking prevalence and number of cigarettes smoked per day following the implementation of a comprehensive tobacco control plan in New York City. J Urban Health. 2012. 10.1007/s11524-012-9683-9.
Czarnecki KD, Vichinsky LE, Ellis JA, Perl SB. Media campaign effectiveness in promoting a smoking-cessation program. Am J Prev Med. 2010 Mar;38(3 Suppl):S333-42.
Czarnecki KD, Goranson C, Ellis JA, Vichinsky LE, Coady MH, Perl SB. Using geographic information system analyses to monitor large-scale distribution of nicotine replacement therapy in New York City. Prev Med. 2010 Feb 6.
Stein CR, Ellis JA, Savitz DA, Vichinsky L, Perl SB. Decline in smoking during pregnancy in New York City, 1995-2005. Public Health Rep. 2009 Nov-Dec;124(6):841-9.
Ellis JA, Gwynn C, Garg RK, Philburn R, Aldous KM, Perl SB, Thorpe L, Frieden TR. Secondhand smoke exposure among nonsmokers nationally and in New York City. Nicotine Tob Res.. 2009 Apr;11(4):362-70.
Gwynn RC, Garg RK, Kerker BD, Frieden TR, Thorpe LE. Contributions of a local health examination survey to the surveillance of chronic and infections diseases in New York City. Am J Public Health. 2009 Jan; 99(1):152-9.
Frieden TR, Myers JE, Krauskopf MS, Farley TA. A public health approach to winning the war against cancer. Oncologist. 2008 Dec; 13(12):1306-13.
Frieden TR, Bassett Mary T, Thorpe Lorna E, Farley Thomas A. Public health in New York City, 2002-2007: confronting epidemics of the modern era. Int.J Epidemiol. 2008 Jun 7.
Frieden TR, Mostashari F. Health care as if health mattered. JAMA. 2008 Feb 27;299(8);950-2.
Ellis JA, Perl SB, Davis K, Vichinsky L. Gender differences in smoking and cessation behaviors among young adults after implementation of local comprehensive tobacco control. Am J Public Health. 2008 Feb;98(2):310-6.
Springer C, Tannert Niang K, et al. Do medical students know enough about smoking to help their future patients? Assessment of New York City fourth-year medical students' knowledge of tobacco cessation and treatment of nicotine addiction. Acad Med. 2008; 83:982-989.
Perl SB, Ellis JA, Vichinsky LE, Larson K, Levy J, Silver L, Bassett MT, Frieden TR. Smoking Cessation Strategies in New York City: 2002-2006. Progress in Smoking and Health Research. New York: Nova Publishers; 2007: 89-115.
Ellis JA, Perl SB, Frieden TR, Huynh M, Ramaswamy C, Gupta LS, Kerker BD. Decline in Smoking Prevalence, New York City: 2002-2006.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2007 Jun 22; 56(24):604-608.
Frieden TR, Bloomberg MR. How to prevent 100 million deaths from tobacco. Lancet. 2007 May 19;369(9574):1758-61.
Cummings KM, Hyland A, Fix B, Bauer U, Celestino P, Carlin-Menter S, Miller N, Frieden TR. Free nicotine patch giveaway program 12-month follow-up of participants. Am J Prev Med. 2006 Aug;31(2):181-4. Epub 2006 Jun 12.
Larson K, Levy J, Rome MG, Matte TD, Silver LD, Frieden TR.Related Articles, Cited Articles, Public health detailing: a strategy to improve the delivery of clinical preventive services in New York City.
Public Health Rep. 2006 May-Jun;121(3):228-34.
Frieden TR, Blakeman DE.The dirty dozen: 12 myths that undermine tobacco control. Am J Public Health. 2005 Sep;95(9):1500-5. Epub 2005 Jul 28.
Frieden TR, Mostashari F, Kerker BD, Miller N, Hajat A, Frankel M. Adult tobacco use levels after intensive tobacco control measures: New York City, 2002-2003. Am J Public Health. 2005 Jun;95(6):1016-23.
Georgeson M, Thorpe LE, Merlino M, Frieden TR, Fielding JE; Big Cities Health Coalition. Shortchanged? An assessment of chronic disease programming in major US city health departments.
J Urban Health. 2005 Jun;82(2):183-90. Epub 2005 May 12.
Metzger KB, Mostashari F, Kerker BD. Use of pharmacy data to evaluate smoking regulations' impact on sales of nicotine replacement therapies in New York City. Am J Public Health. 2005 Jun;95(6):1050-5. (elec)
Mostashari F, Kerker BD, Hajat A, Miller N, Frieden TR. Smoking practices in New York City: the use of a population-based survey to guide policy-making and programming. J Urban Health. 2005 Mar;82(1):58-70. Epub 2005 Feb 28.
Miller N, Frieden TR, Liu SY, Matte TD, Mostashari F, Deitcher DR, Cummings KM, Chang C, Bauer U, Bassett MT. Effectiveness of a large-scale distribution programme of free nicotine patches: a prospective evaluation. Lancet. 2005 May 28-Jun 3;365(9474):1849-54.
Frieden TR, Perl S. Controlling the State of Tobacco in New York City. Cancer Prevention. 2005; 6: 1+.
Chang C, Leighton J, Mostashari F, McCord C, Frieden TR.The New York City Smoke-Free Air Act: second-hand smoke as a worker health and safety issue. Am J Ind Med. 2004 Aug;46(2):188-95.
PMID: 15273972 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Kerker BD, Horwitz SM, Leventhal JM.Patients' characteristics and providers' attitudes: predictors of screening pregnant women for illicit substance use. Child Abuse Negl. 2004 Feb;28(2):209-23.
PMID: 15003403 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Ellis J, Northridge MN. Tobacco and the media. Am J Public Health. 2002 Jun; 92(6):895.
Other Journal Articles
Wilson KM, Klein JD, Blumkin AK, et al. Tobacco-smoke exposure in children who live in multiunit housing. Pediatrics. 2011;127;85-92.
This study examined exposure to tobacco smoke among children in multiunit housing who did not live with smokers, using data from the 2001-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). The authors found that about three quarters of US children are exposed to secondhand smoke (SHS), based on measures of cotinine (a tobacco byproduct) in their blood. Important to urban settings, the authors also found that living in apartment buildings (multiunit housing) increased the chance of exposure to SHS by an additional 45% compared to those living in detached houses.
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EPIQUERY: NYC Interactive Health Data
EpiQuery is a web-based, user-friendly system designed to guide users through basic data analyses on several datasets including the Community Health Surveys and the NYC Youth Risk Behavior Survey which include questions addressing tobacco use. SAS statistical programs run behind the online interface to provide real-time analyses. Users can run cross-tabulations and find point estimates with confidence intervals.
Tobacco Behavior and Public Opinion Survey
Epi Data Brief and Data Tables
Qualitative Data on Young Adult, Non-Daily Smokers in New York City (October 2012, No. 19) NEW!
Trends in Cigarette Use among Adults in New York City, 2002-2010 (November 2011, No. 12) NEW!
National, State and Academic Resources on Tobacco Control
National Tobacco Cessation Collaborative The NTCC aims to increase successful tobacco cessation across the United States and Canada through the joint efforts of committed organizations. These collaborators fund research, program, and policy initiatives related to tobacco cessation.
CDC Best Practices The CDC's 2007 guide helps states plan and establish effective tobacco control programs to prevent and reduce tobacco use. It provides an integrated programmatic structure for implementing interventions proven to be effective.
Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids – Research Center
TFK provides fact sheets, special reports, information on political action funding by the tobacco industry and other website resources.
University of California, San Francisco
Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education
The Center provides information on UCSF research addressing tobacco cessation, the health impact of smoking and second-hand smoke as well as policy interventions.
The Center also offers public access to an extensive electronic Tobacco Control Archive including scholarly papers, unpublished documents, tobacco industry and tobacco litigation documents.
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