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Data & Statistics
HIV/AIDS Annual Surveillance Statistics

The following tables provide annual data on new diagnoses of HIV (non-AIDS), concurrent HIV/AIDS and AIDS, as well as the number of persons living with HIV and AIDS and the number of deaths among persons with HIV and AIDS. The data are shown for New York City overall and by sex, race, age, borough, area-based poverty level, risk factor, and United Hospital Fund neighborhood.

 

Page Contents

 

Tables
2012 HIV/AIDS Annual Surveillance Tables (PDF)

Previous Years:

2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 |2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 (PDFs)

2012 at a Glance (Table 1.1) (PDF, 1 page)

Previous Years:

2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 (PDFs, 1 page each)

Trends in the HIV/AIDS Epidemic, Pre-1981 to 2012 (PDF, 2 pages)

 

Notes

These tables will answer the majority of the most frequently asked questions about HIV and AIDS in New York City. All percentages appearing in Tables 1.1 – 1.11.4 are column percentages except the total proportion of HIV diagnoses without AIDS and concurrent with AIDS diagnoses, which are row percentages of total HIV diagnoses. Because of rounding, percentages across categories may not sum to 100.0. Cells representing 1-5 person(s) with an underlying denominator of ≤500 persons, or cells with a denominator ≤100 as per Census 2010 (for 2010-2012 tables) or Census 2000 (for 2005-2009 tables), are marked with an asterisk (*), except in Table 1.1 (all of New York City), Table 1.2.1 (Males), and Table 1.2.2 (Females). Census 2010 population counts for non-residential ZIP codes are excluded from borough-specific population totals but are included in the NYC overall population total of 8,175,133. For 2008-2012 tables, residence is at diagnosis for HIV and AIDS diagnoses; for PLWHA and deaths, residence is based on most recent record available (most recent record is >5 years old for 22% of persons with HIV/AIDS in 2012). For earlier years, residence is at diagnosis for HIV and AIDS diagnoses, and for PLWHA and deaths residence is based on residence at AIDS diagnosis if surveillance status is AIDS or residence at HIV diagnosis if HIV-only. Tables for 2008-2012 include poverty level, which is based on NYC ZIP code of residence at diagnosis or most recent record available. Poverty level is not available for persons missing ZIP code information or living outside NYC. Please contact the HIV Epidemiology and Field Services Program at hivreport@health.nyc.gov if you are interested in additional analyses or you have questions about the tables.

Suggested citation

Suggested citation: New York City HIV/AIDS Annual Surveillance Statistics. New York: New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, 2014. Accessed [access date] at New York City HIV/AIDS Annual Surveillance Statistics.

 

Abbreviations and Definitions

AHI:

Acute HIV Infection: Current Definition (PDF)

Acute HIV Infection: Definition prior to October 23, 2009 (PDF)

AIDS:

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

HIV:

Human immunodeficiency virus

 

HIV-1:

HIV-1 is the retrovirus that is responsible for the majority of cases in the world AIDS pandemic.

HIV-2:

HIV-2 is a closely related but distinct virus that is found primarily in West Africa and countries with large West African immigrant populations.

More in-depth information regarding HIV Type 2

IDU:

Injection drug use or injecting drug user

MSM:

Men who have sex with men

PWHA:

Persons with HIV or AIDS

PLWHA:

Persons living with HIV or AIDS. For these tables, PLWHA refers to persons diagnosed and reported in New York City and presumed to be living with HIV/AIDS.

UHF neighborhood:

United Hospital Fund neighborhood

Definitions

Age:

Age is calculated as age at diagnosis for HIV and AIDS diagnoses; age as of the end of the calendar year for PLWHA; and age at death for deaths.

AIDS diagnosis:

Persons are classified as having AIDS if they are HIV-infected and either have one or more AIDS-defining opportunistic illnesses (based on the 1993 CDC case definition) or a laboratory test indicating suppressed CD4+ cell counts (<200 cells/µL).

Clinical status:

Clinical status is determined as of the end of the calendar year or at date of death.

Concurrent HIV/AIDS:

An AIDS diagnosis within 31 days of an HIV diagnosis. Persons concurrently diagnosed with HIV and AIDS are included in the totals of both HIV diagnoses and AIDS diagnoses.

HIV diagnosis:

A diagnosis of HIV infection is generally based on a positive Western blot test in adults and a positive PCR (polymerase chain reaction) test in infants less than 18 months. Since June 1, 2000, laboratories and health care providers in New York State have been required to report HIV infection even in persons without AIDS.

Race:

Technical Notes on Race

Transmission risk:

HIV surveillance captures information about risk factors associated with HIV transmission.

The primary risk factors are men who have sex with men, injection drug use, heterosexual sex and perinatal transmission.

Men who have sex with men includes males with reported sexual contact with another male, and males with no definitive risk and with history of a rectal STD or proctitis.

The injection drug use category includes persons who took nonprescribed drugs by injection, intravenously, intramuscularly or subcutaneously.

The heterosexual category includes persons who had heterosexual sex with an HIV-infected person, an injection drug user, or a person who has received blood products; and for females only, women with a history of heterosexual prostitution, multiple sex partners of the opposite sex, sexually transmitted disease, crack/cocaine use, heterosexual sex with a bisexual male, or unspecified probable heterosexual transmission.

Perinatal transmission is a risk factor for infants who were infected during gestation, birth or postpartum through breastfeeding to an HIV-infected mother.

Other transmission risks include hemophilia, receipt of transfusions or transplants, and non-perinatal risk in pediatric cases (<13 years).

Persons with a risk that is unknown have no risk information reported by the provider or an expanded investigation has not been completed for them.

UHF neighborhood:

This corresponds to a geographic area within New York City that is an aggregate of between 1 and 9 ZIP codes but that is smaller than a borough. UHF neighborhoods reflect catchment areas for certain healthcare facilities. (Table and map of UHF neighborhoods and corresponding ZIP codes, PDF)