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Data & Statistics
Research Priorities

To guide our work, the Health Department has identified priority research topics and invites external researchers to collaborate with us in these areas.

Opportunities for Collaboration

The agency collects and analyzes data from numerous sources and publishes more than 35 data-based reports and 100 peer-reviewed publications each year.  External partners provide useful perspective and support to these efforts.

The Health Department seeks to expand its collaboration with external partners and institutions interested in conducting research within a key priority area.  Collaborations can involve:

  • Conducting joint analyses with Health Department staff to address a specific research question
    • Example:  A local university has provided support for one staff person, who sits at the Health Department and works closely with both agencies to assess health outcomes and their relation to the built environment.
  • Establishing a data use agreement with the Health Department to independently address a research question using data from the Health Department
    • Example:  A faculty member at a local university is currently working with FITNESSGRAM data provided by the Health Department to better understand how aspects of the built environment affect outcomes among elementary school children.
  • Supporting analyses by the Health Department on priority research questions by sharing data of your own through a data use agreement with Health Department analysts
    • Example:  The Longitudinal Study of Early Development matched data from the Department of Education to a number of administrative databases and registries at the Health Department.  Data from this match was used to assess education outcomes among children receiving early intervention services or with elevated blood lead levels.
  • Applying for grant funding with the Health Department, with resources allocated to both institutions, to research a priority question of mutual interest
    • Example:  The Health Department and the NYU School of Medicine pursued funds from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to conduct surveillance of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus among Manhattan residents.  Co-principal investigators at both institutions are working together on this project with funding through 2014.

Contact query@health.nyc.gov for more information.

 

Research Priorities By Topic

Injuries and Violence

  • Gun-related injuries
    • What are the characteristics of gun-involved homicide, suicide, intimate partner violence and unintentional injuries in New York City?
  • Falls
    • What are the risk factors for and circumstances of falls among New Yorkers?
    • Which fall prevention interventions would be the most effective in New York City?
  • Transportation
    • What are the risk factors for and circumstances of injuries involving cars, bikes and/or pedestrians in New York City?
    • What is the effect of the man-made environment/community design on injury patterns?
  • Noise
    • What are the sources of noise in New York City and what are the most effective strategies for reducing noise exposure?
    • How common is noise-induced hearing loss among New Yorkers?

Drug Use

  • Patterns of drug use
    • What are the patterns of prescription and illicit drug use in New York City?
    • What are emerging patterns and types of drug use?
    • What impact will reducing rates of opioid prescribing have on patterns of drug use in New York City overall? Will use of alternative drugs, such as heroin, increase?
  • Naloxone Impact on Heroin and Opioid Analgesic Overdose
    • What is the impact of naloxone distribution on rates of fatal and non-fatal heroin and opioid analgesic overdoses?
  • Opioid Analgesic Market Dynamics
    • What are the patterns of obtaining opioid analgesics in New York City (e.g., prescribed directly or obtained through diversion)?
    • What are the characteristics of dealers, prescribers, and consumers of diverted opioid analgesics?
  • Injecting Drug Users
    • What is the number of injecting drug users in New York City?
    • What is the prevalence of injection drug use among heroin users?
  • Buprenorphine Use
    • What are the trajectories of buprenorphine use among patients prescribed buprenorphine for opioid disorders?
    • Who is using buprenorphine without prescriptions? How often? How do they get it? Why do they take it?
  • Public Services, Drug Use, and Health
    • What is the effectiveness of substance use-related policies in public service agencies on the health of drug users and their families?
  • Managed Care
    • What is the impact of managing behavioral health services on cost, service accessibility, including medication-assisted treatment and quality?
  • Service Needs Assessment - Drug and Alcohol Treatment
    • What are the drug and alcohol treatment service needs in New York City?
    • How many New Yorkers need these services, overall and by neighborhood?
    • What is the distribution and effectiveness of mandated treatment in New York City?
  • Service Needs Assessment - Syringe Exchange
    • Does service/syringe availability match the estimated service need?
    • How do drug users usually get their needles (e.g., through syringe exchange, on the street, another place)?
  • Evaluation of SBIRT (Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment) in New York City 
    • How widely is SBIRT implemented in New York City?
    • What factors are associated with successful implementation of SBIRT in New York City?
    • What barriers prevent successful implementation of SBIRT?
    • What are billing and collection rates in New York City for SBIRT?
  • Integrated Care
    • What is the current availability and distribution of ‘integrated’ physical and behavioral health services for persons at risk of or living with substance use disorders (i.e., services integrated in primary care and/or substance use service systems)?
  • Peer Services and Peer Service Implementation
    • What is the impact of peer-delivered services on client engagement, retention, quality of life, and harmful substance use for substance use service participants?
  • Supportive Housing
    • What is the impact of supportive housing on health and substance use outcomes among New York City residents with alcohol and drug use disorders?
Physical Activity and Nutrition
  • The effect of the "built environment" in physical activity
    • What is the frequency of bike lane usage and how are bike lanes associated with physical activity?
    • What is the impact of structural changes to the work environment on weight and health care costs?
  • Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and city policies
    • What is the impact of an organization's vending machine policy on sales and purchasing patterns of occupants in buildings, schools and other locations?
    • Among residents working in or attending day camps in New York City, how will changes to beverage and vending standards affect their consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and total calorie intake?
  • Overweight, obesity and nutrition
    • What are important sources of "discretionary calories" in New York City?
    • How does the average price per serving of sugar-sweetened beverages vary by store type and package size?
    • What is the progression of children's body mass index from infancy through school?
  • Physical activity and fitness
    • Does improvement in fitness result in an improvement in academics among children in New York City?
    • How much "screen time" do adults and children report?  How much time do they spend outdoors?
    • How common is participation in group exercise in New York City, and how does this correlate with physical activity?