City Health Information
Volume 32 (2013) New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene No. 1; 1-6
 

 

Promoting Oral Health
  • Caries and periodontal disease can largely be prevented by limiting sugar intake, brushing teeth twice daily, and flossing daily.

  • Examine the mouth for signs of oral disease and assess oral health risks, such as poor oral hygiene and alcohol or tobacco use.


  • Educate patients about good oral hygiene and regular dental visits and make referrals as appropriate.


REFERENCES

1. US Department of Health and Human Services. Oral Health in America: A Report of the Surgeon General. Rockville, MD: US Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, National Institutes of Health; 2000. http://www.nidcr.nih.gov/DataStatistics/SurgeonGeneral/sgr/. Accessed November 28, 2012.
2. New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. EpiQuery: NYC Interactive Health Data System-Community Health Survey 2007. https://a816-healthpsi.nyc.gov/epiquery. Accessed November 29, 2012.
3. Hosseinipour N, Jasek J, Summers C. Oral health in New York City. NYC Vital Signs. 2012;11(5):1-4. www.nyc.gov/html/doh/downloads/pdf/survey/survey-2012oralhealth.pdf. Accessed December 4, 2012.
4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Oral health for adults. December 2006. www.cdc.gov/OralHealth/publications/factsheets/adult.htm. Accessed November 28, 2012.
5. Gunsolley JC. A meta-analysis of six-month studies of antiplaque and antigingivitis agents. J Am Dent Assoc. 2006;137(12):1649-1657.
6. New York State Department of Health. About New York State Public Access Cancer Epidemiology Data. Cancer Incidence Public Use Data from 1996 to 2009, New York State Cancer Registry, New York State Department of Health. www.health.ny.gov/statistics/cancer/registry/nyspaced/faq.htm. Accessed November 29, 2012.
7. American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry. Guideline on Infant Oral Health Care. Revised 2012. www.aapd.org/media/Policies_Guidelines/G_InfantOralHealthCare.pdf. Accessed November 28, 2012.
8. American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Pediatric Dentistry and Oral Health. American Academy of Pediatrics Policy statement. Preventive oral health intervention for pediatricians. Pediatrics. 2008;122(6):1387-1394.
9. American Academy of Pedodontics and the American Academy of Pediatrics. Policy on Early Childhood Caries (ECC): Classifications, Consequences, and Preventive Strategies. Revised 2011. www.aapd.org/media/Policies_Guidelines/P_ECCClassifications.pdf. Accessed November 28, 2012.
10. American Academy of Pediatrics. Profile of pediatric office visits. www.aap.org/en-us/professional-resources/practice-support/financing-and-payment/Billing-and-Payment/pages/Profile-of-Pediatric-Office-Visits.aspx. Accessed November 29, 2012.
11. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Dental sealants. www.cdc.gov/OralHealth/publications/factsheets/sealants_faq.htm. Accessed November 29, 2012.
12. New York State Department of Health. Infant and Children's Oral Health. www.health.state.ny.us/prevention/dental/childhood_oral_health.htm#5-8. Accessed November 29, 2012.
13. American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry. Play it safe: prevent childhood injuries on the field with simple sports safety precautions. www.aapd.org/play_it_safe_prevent_childhood_injuries_on_the_field_with_simple_sports_safety_precautions. Accessed November 29, 2012.
14. American Dental Association. Statement on athletic mouthguards. www.ada.org/1875.aspx. Accessed November 29, 2012.
15. Needleman I, McGrath C, Floyd P, Biddle A. Impact of oral health on the life quality of periodontal patients. J Clin Periodontol. 2004;31(6):454-457.
16. Eke PI, Dye BA, Wei L, Thornton-Evans GO, Genco RJ; on behalf of the participating members of the CDC Periodontal Disease Surveillance workgroup. Prevalence of periodontitis in adults in the United States: 2009 and 2010. J Dent Res. 2012;91(10):914-920.
17. New York State Department of Health. New York State Expanded Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. Tables 16a, 17a. Published December 2009. www.health.ny.gov/statistics/brfss/expanded/2009/county/docs/new_york_state_exclusive_of_new_york_city_ new_york_city_new_york_state.pdf. Accessed November 29, 2012.
18. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Periodontal disease. www.cdc.gov/oralhealth/topics/periodontal_disease.htm. Accessed November 28, 2012.
19. American Academy of Periodontology. Epidemiology of periodontal diseases (position paper). J Periodontol. 2005;76(8):1406-1419.
20. Grossi SG, Zambon JJ, Ho AW, et al. Assessment of risk for periodontal disease. I. Risk indicators for attachment loss. J Periodontol. 1994;65(3):260-267.
21. Grossi SG, Genco RJ, Machtei EE, et al. Assessment of risk for periodontal disease. II. Risk indicators for alveolar bone loss. J Periodontol. 1995;66(1):23-29.
22. Tomar SL, Asma A. Smoking-attributable periodontitis in the United States: findings from NHANES III. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. J Periodontol. 2000;71(5):743-751.
23. Bloom B, Adams PF, Cohen RA, Simile C. Smoking and oral health in dentate adults aged 18-64. NCHS Data Brief. No. 85. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics; February 2012. www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db85.htm. Accessed November 29, 2012.
24. Mealey BL, Oates TW; American Academy of Periodontology. Diabetes mellitus and periodontal diseases. J Periodontol. 2006;77(8):1289-1303. www.joponline.org/doi/pdf/10.1902/jop.2006.050459. Accessed November 29, 2012.
25. Douglass CW. Risk assessment and management of periodontal disease. J Am Dent Assoc. 2006;137(suppl 3):27S-32S.
26. National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, National Institutes of Health. Detecting oral cancer: a guide for professionals. www.nidcr.nih.gov/oralhealth/topics/oralcancer/detectingoralcancer.htm. Accessed November 29, 2012.
27. National Cancer Institute. What You Need to Know AboutTM Oral Cancer. Diagnosis. www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/wyntk/oral/page6. Accessed November 26, 2012.
28. Gonsalves WC, Wrightson AS, Henry RG. Common oral conditions in older persons. Am Fam Physician. 2008;78(7):845-852.
29. National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, National Institutes of Health. Dental caries (tooth decay). www.nidcr.nih.gov/DataStatistics/FindDataByTopic/DentalCaries. Accessed November 29, 2012.
30. World Health Organization. Oral health. www.who.int/topics/oral_health/en. Accessed November 29, 2012.
31. Tinanoff N, Palmer CA. Dietary determinants of dental caries and dietary recommendations for preschool children. J Public Health Dent. 2000;60(3):197-206.
32. Blot WJ, McLaughlin JK, Winn DM, et al. Smoking and drinking in relation to oral and pharyngeal cancer. Cancer Res. 1988;48(11):3282-3827.
33. Sciubba J. Oral cancer and its detection. History-taking and the diagnostic phase of management. J Am Dent Assoc. 2001;132(suppl 1):12S-18S.
34. Weinberg MA, Estefan DJ, Assessing oral malignancies. Am Fam Physician. 2002;65(7):1379-1384.
35. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Preventing and controlling oral and pharyngeal cancer. Recommendations from a National Strategic Planning Conference. MMWR Recomm Rep. 1998;47(RR-14):1-12. www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/rr/rr4714.pdf. Accessed November 29, 2012.
36. Silk H, Douglass AB, Douglass JM, Silk L. Oral health during pregnancy. Am Fam Physician. 2008;77(8):1139-1144.
37. New York State Department of Health. Oral Health Care During Pregnancy and Early Childhood Practice Guidelines. www.health.state.ny.us/publications/0824.pdf. Accessed November 29, 2012.
38. Guggenheimer J, Moore PA. Xerostomia: etiology, recognition and treatment. J Am Dent Assoc. 2003;134(1):61-69.
39. MacDonald DE. Principles of geriatric dentistry and their application to the older adult with a physical disability. Clin Geriatr Med. 2006;22(2):413-434.
40. Warren JJ, Cowen HJ, Watkins CM, Hands JS. Dental caries prevalence and dental care utilization among the very old. J Am Dent Assoc. 2000;131(11):1571-1579.
41. Jeannotte L, Moore MJ. The State of Aging and Health in America 2007. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2007.