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Sustainable Design

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Overview

As a result of research done for these pilot projects, DDC now requires the use of materials with recycled content for the following products: fly ash or blast furnace slag in concrete products, steel, engineered wood, fireproofing, insulation, gypsum board, ceramic tile, ceiling tiles and panels, carpet, rubber flooring and plastic toilet partitions. The NYC Environmentally Preferable Purchasing Laws of 2005 have reinforced these DDC experiences by highlighting sustainable products and requiring their use in City building and renovation projects. Construction and demolition waste recycling has been very successful on DDC projects, despite the limited availability of site staging areas – up to 90% – because nearby waste processors have developed sophisticated sorting facilities to accept mixed waste from urban projects.

 
Bronx County Hall of Justice
Design commenced 1995

Recycled materials
used
Local products
given preference
Tropical woods
conserved

Major materials
targeted for recycled
content, including
flooring, aluminum,
and steel
Courtroom
woodwork and
furniture utilized non-
tropical hardwoods

ACS Children's Center
Design commenced 1998

Historic building
adapted, diverting
demolition waste from
landfill
Salvaged interior
demolition materials
reused
Recycled materials
used
Rapidly renewable
products used

Facades, structure,
and selected interior
components saved.
Exterior of building
was completely
rehabilitated to
historical criteria
(terra-cotta, Harvard
brick, limestone, and
granite); metal balcony
restored.
Materials targeted
for recycled content,
including steel, gypsum
board, bio-composite
panels of recycled
newsprint and
soybean binders,
bathroom tiles and
partitions, flooring –
cork, rubber, and
linoleum, mineral fiber
ceilings

Queens Botanical Garden
Design commenced in 1999

Diverted 90% (to
date) of construction
and demolition debris
from landfill, totaling
731 tons of mixed
debris plus 35 tones
of reused cobbles
Recycled content
constitutes over 10%
of materials
Local products
account for over 10%
of materials
Forest Stewardship
Council certified
wood used

Existing building
demolished and reuse
opportunities sought
Construction and
demolition waste
sorted at off-site
facility
Major materials
targeted for recycled
content, including fly-
ash in concrete, steel,
sheetrock

George R Vierno Center Dormitory
Design commenced 1999

Recycled materials
used
Local products
given preference

Major materials
targeted for recycled
content, including fly-
ash in concrete, steel

Williamsburg Daycare Center
Design commenced 1999

Construction and
demolition waste –
approximately 50%
diverted from landfill
Recycled materials
emphasized
Local products
given preference
Rapidly renewable
products used

Major materials
targeted for recycled
content, including glass
tiles and panels,
carpet, rubber
flooring, recycled
composite ceilings, fly-
ash in concrete, steel,
gypsum board, and
toilet partitions
Rapidly renewable
products included
bamboo millwork and
linoleum flooring
Furniture selected
prioritized recycled
materials, local
products, recycled
and biodegradable
fabrics
Construction and
demolition waste
sorted at off-site
facility

NY Hall of Science:
Design commenced 2000

Existing building
was saved
Construction and
demolition waste –
approximately 50%
diverted from landfill
Recycled materials
used

Existing building
renovated as well as
expanded
Construction and
demolition waste
sorted at off-site
facility
Major materials
targeted for recycled
content, including
steel, aluminum, and
rubber flooring

Carl F Kauffeld House of Reptiles:
Design commenced 2000

Existing building
saved and
rehabilitated
Construction and
demolition waste –
over 50% diverted
from landfill
Recycled materials
used
Rapidly renewable
products used

Existing building
retained, structure,
finishes
Construction and
demolition waste
sorted at off-site
facility
Major materials
targeted for recycled
content, including
ceramic tile, fly-ash in
concrete, steel,
gypsum board, rubber
flooring, fire-proofing,
ceiling tile and
insulation
Linoleum flooring
and bamboo veneer
exhibit casework

Kensington Branch Library:
Design commenced 2001

Recycled materials
used
Local products
given preference
Rapidly renewable
products used
Forest Stewardship
Council wood
products required
Materials
conserved

Major materials
targeted for recycled
content, including
ceiling tiles, rubber
flooring made from
tires, terrazzo flooring,
wheat-board
substrates, fly-ash in
concrete, steel,
gypsum board
Bamboo wood
flooring, rubber and
linoleum resilient
flooring, cork display
boards
Lumber and wood
veneer from managed
forests required
Materials for
exterior cladding
reduced by design
Rain screen used at
the exterior façade

Lion House Conservation:
Design commenced 2002

Building resources
conserved
Construction and
demolition waste – by
spring 2006, 96%
diverted from landfill
(over 2,800 tons)
Salvaged
demolition materials
reused
Recycled materials
constitute over 10%
of materials
Local product
given preference,
account for over 20%
Rapidly renewable
products used
Forest Stewardship
Council wood
products required

Historic building
adapted, rather than
demolished
Construction and
demolition waste
sorted at off-site
facility
Salvaged
decorative tiles and
stone reused here and
saved for nearby
building
Major materials
targeted for recycled
content, including fly-
ash in concrete, steel,
gypsum board, carpet,
and toilet partitions
Local materials
include concrete,
bricks, rebar,
miscellaneous metals
FSC certified
framing lumber,
plywood, veneers and
wood doors

New Sunrise Yard:
Design commenced 2003

Construction and
demolition waste –
75% to be diverted
from landfill
Salvaged bricks
reused in paving and
artwork; salvaged
wood beams
Recycled materials
constitute over 10%
of materials
Local products
given preference –
20% of materials
Forest Stewardship
Council wood
products required

Construction and
demolition waste to be
sorted at off-site
facility
Major materials
targeted for recycled
content, including fly-
ash in concrete,
ground face block,
rubber flooring,
linoleum, steel,
gypsum board,
flooring, bathroom tile,
and toilet partitions
Local materials
include block, brick,
metal roofing, gypsum

Brooklyn Children’s Museum:
Design commenced 2004

Existing building
retained (99%)
Construction and
demolition waste –
75% to be diverted
from landfill
Recycled materials
constitute over 25%
of materials
Local products
account for over 20%
of materials
Rapidly renewable
products used
Forest Stewardship
Council wood
products required,
minimum of 50%

Existing museum
renovated and
integrated with new
Construction and
demolition waste to be
sorted at off-site
facility
Major materials
targeted for recycled
content, including fly-
ash in concrete, steel,
gypsum board,
flooring, bathroom tile
and toilet partitions
Rapidly renewable
materials include
bamboo flooring

Office of Emergency Management:
Design commenced 2004

Construction and
demolition waste
minimized and over
90% diverted from
landfill for 687 tons
Recycled materials
used, constituting over
10% of materials
Local products
given preference,
accounting for 54%
($831,000), with 30%
locally harvested raw
materials
Forest Stewardship
Council wood
products required

Structure and floors
of an existing structure
retained
Construction and
demolition waste
sorted at off-site
facility
Major materials
targeted for recycled
content, including fly-
ash in concrete, steel,
gypsum board,
insulation, flooring,
bathroom tile, and
toilet partitions

Glen Oaks Branch Library:
Design commenced 2005

Construction and
demolition waste –
75% required to be
diverted from landfill
Recycled materials
– over 10% target for
materials
Local products
given preference –
target of 20% of
materials

Construction and
demolition waste to be
sorted at off-site
facility
Major materials
targeted for recycled
content, including fly-
ash in concrete, steel,
gypsum board,
acoustical tile ceilings,
resilient flooring,
ceramic tile, carpet
tile, and toilet
partitions
Major local
materials targeted
include masonry,
concrete, steel,
gypsum board,
pavers, and landscape
materials

Weeksville Heritage Center:
Design commenced 2005

Construction and
demolition waste –
75% minimum target
for diversion from
landfill
Recycled materials
for a minimum of 5%
of materials
Local products
given preference –
target 20% of
materials
Forest Stewardship
Council wood
products required

Construction and
demolition waste
requirements in
documents
Major materials
targeted for recycled
content, including fly-
ash in concrete,
recycled glass
counters, steel,
gypsum board, toilet
partitions
Major local
materials targeted
include concrete,
structural steel, cast
iron, Vermont slate,
gypsum board, and
landscape materials
Certified wood for
architectural millwork
and exterior ipe wood

Remsen Yard:
Design commenced 2005

Construction and
demolition waste –
75% targeted for
diversion from landfill
Recycled materials
specified for 10% of
materials
Local products
given preference, with
a target minimum of
10% of materials
Rapidly renewable
products used
Forest Stewardship
Council wood
products required

Construction and
demolition waste to be
sorted at off-site
facility
Reuse of existing
brick wall
Major materials
targeted for recycled
content, including fly-
ash in concrete, steel,
gypsum board,
flooring
Linoleum flooring
used



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