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NEW YORK POLICE ACADEMY
 

Design Consultant: Perkins + Will
Location:
Queens
Client agency:
New York Police Department


Overview:  The largest public building project in New York City—and the largest that DDC has ever built—is the the new Police Academy in College Point, Queens. This former police impoundment lot is being transformed into a state-of-the-art police training facility to serve close to 2,000 recruits, civilians, active duty officers, and visiting police officers daily.  The 700,000-square-foot first phase of the project is under construction and consists of a main academic instructional building with classrooms, offices, and a mock training environment, a physical training building comprising gymnasia, tactical training classrooms, a training pool, and a cafeteria.  Site improvements include an outdoor muster courtyard sized for the entire recruit class, a running track, a parking lot, and a central utility plant that will eventually serve the entire campus.  Subsequent phases will build the campus to over two million enclosed square feet; including a firing range, tactical village, vehicle driving course, rescue training area, and other training facilities and accommodations.

Sustainable Features:  Water is a precious resource, and the Police Academy has been engineered to promote its conservation, reuse, and quality. All rainwater that falls on building roofs and site surfaces will be treated to remove suspended solids in order to reduce the burden on the city’s storm sewers; combined with increased site permeability, this will reduce stormwater runoff by over 4,000,000 gallons annually. A majority of the treated stormwater will be discharged to an on-site drainage canal, divided into sections by tide gates to isolate freshwater from saline, which further cleanses the water before releasing it into natural water bodies. The sloped banks of the drainage ditch will be vegetated to manage stormwater, maintain water quality, foster ecosystems, and create an attractive landscape.  The rainwater which falls on the west campus roofs will be harvested in a 25,000 gallon cistern, treated, and reused for toilet flushing and cooling tower make-up. Demand for potable water is further reduced through low-flow plumbing fixtures and drought-tolerant, water-efficient landscaping with native and adaptive species -- combined with process savings the total potable water savings for the project will be almost 4,600,000 gallons annually. 

Energy consumption was also carefully considered, and the Police Academy was designed to use less overall energy and reduce peak demand loads through careful master planning, building orientation, and facade design: The buildings have been massed and sited along a predominantly east-west orientation, minimizing glazing on east and west facades. The high-performance spectrally-selective glazing was "tuned" based on facade orientation, such that glass on south-facing elevations was specified to minimize solar heat gain while north-facing glass has a higher visible transmittance and will allow more daylight.  Various ceramic frit patterns employed throughout the project further control light and glare in areas with expansive glazing, such as the atrium and pedestrian link corridor.  The high-performance facade is designed to provide shading, control solar gain, and optimize daylight. Fenestration is set back within canted recesses; exterior shading devices serve double-duty as light shelves, bouncing daylight deeper into interior spaces.

Noteworthy Accolades:

  • LEED-NC V2.2 Silver anticipated
  • LEED-NC V2.2 Silver anticipated

PROJECT TEAM

Architect

Perkins + Will 

Associate Architect

Michael Fieldman Architects

Civil Engineer

Langan Engineering

Structural Engineer

Robert Silman Associates / Guy Nordenson & Associates

Blast Consultant

Weidlinger Associates

MEPFP Engineer / Energy Modeling

WSP Flack + Kurtz

Landscape Architect

HM White Site Architects

Landscape Design

Balmori Associates

Lighting

Bartenbach Lichtlabor

Lighting

HDLC Architectural Lighting Design

Audio Visual & Acoustics

Cerami & Associates

Information Technology

TM Technology Partners

Security

Kroll Security Group

Signage & Graphics

Two Twelve

Tactical

Tactical Design, LLC

Vertical Transportation

Van Deusen & Associates

Food Service

Cini-Little International

Aquatic Design

Counsilman Hunsaker

Urban Design

FXFowle

Traffic

Eng-Wong, Taub & Associates

Parking

Walker Parking Consultants

Geotechnical

URS Corp.

Fuel Station

Graham Associates

Façade Maintenance

Entek Engineering, LLC

Cost Estimating

Davis Langdon

Cost Control

Gardiner & Theobald

Code

Milrose Consultant, Inc.

Smoke Modeling

Code Consultants, Inc.

 

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Sustainable Site

Results
Stormwater managed and maintained on site – reduce stormwater runoff by over
4,000,000 gallons annually
Plantings within the ditch will collect and gradually release storm water from
adjacent areas - Reduce erosion filter and capture site stormwater
Reduce burden on City Infrastructure through combination of engineering and
natural strategies to reduce rate and quantity
Not connected to the City's storm sewers -- stormwater which falls on the
buildings and site will be conveyed to water quality treatment units to remove
suspended solids, and discharged to the on-site drainage canal, which leads to
Flushing Bay
Green roof terrace with low-maintenance plantings
Alternative transportation encouraged
Urban Heat Island Effect mitigated

Strategies
White concrete pavement and precast pavers for primary outdoor public spaces
and circulation pathways (SRI 85)
Roofs to be SBS modified bituminous membrane with white acrylic top coating
(SRI min. 100)
Vegetated roofing at west campus roof terraces planted with sedums
Rainwater harvesting and reuse on site
Rehabilitation of existing drainage ditch with remediative native plants
Vegetated and high albedo roofs
Native, adaptive, low-maintenance, and non-invasive landscaping of open areas
Site open spaces will feature four different types of meadows -mix of different
native herbaceous species with a predominance of grasses
Surface parking lots will include bio-infiltration planters, planted with native
woody and herbaceous species
On-site surface parking lots will include preferred, designated parking spaces for
low-emitting/fuel-efficient vehicles and carpools/vanpools (total 106 spaces)
On-site bicycle racks will be installed near main campus entrances

 
 

Water Efficiency

Results
After one-year establishment, no permanent irrigation necessary
Save over 4,000,000 gallons annually of potable water for uses regulated by the
EPAct 1992 baseline (over 45% reduction)
Save an additional 568,000 gallons per year of potable water for process uses
The project will save almost 800,000 gallons per year for flushing toilets alone,
compared to the EPAct baseline (59% savings)

Strategies
Low-flow toilets and urinals
Harvesting roof rainwater for reuse to flush toilets
Reuse captured rainwater for process uses for cooling tower make-up
Native, adaptive, drought-resistant plants

 
 

Energy

Results
High performance building envelope with light shelves for solar shading and
daylight enhancement
High performance building envelope with light shelves for solar shading and
daylight enhancement
Energy-efficient central utility plant
Automated building and lighting controls
Energy simulations predict that the project will save almost 24% energy cost as
compared to a code-compliant building designed to meet ASHRAE 90.1-2004
Total energy cost savings are predicted to be $787,000 per year
Annual electricity savings are predicted to be $375,000
(over 10,000 MBtu saved annually)
Annual natural gas savings are predicted to be $412,000
(over 31,000 MBtu saved annually)

Strategies
Efficient Central Plant - variable speed chillers (0.61 kW/ton); efficient boilers
with improved part load performance; variable speed pumps; all services
generated centrally and distributed around the campus (hot water, chilled water,
condenser water)
Exhaust air energy recovery in systems serving locker rooms and training areas
Demand controlled ventilation with CO2 sensors in densely occupied office and
classroom spaces, and in large, variably occupied spaces, such as auditoria
High performance envelope with spectrally selective low-E glazing, exterior
shading devices, extra insulation in walls, roofs, foundation walls – solar shading
and daylight enhancement
Efficient lighting systems with reduced lighting power densities; daylight
responsive controls (daylight dimming in offices and classrooms; on/off daylight
switching in large gym spaces).
Economizers (air-side and water-side)
Heat recovery from condenser water for domestic hot water pre-heating

 
 

Material Conservation

Results
Designed for a 100-year service life
Construction & demolition waste – 90% targeted diversion from landfill
Recycled materials - over 20% target for materials

Strategies
Separation of construction and demolition waste off-site
Construction waste management plan includes salvage of existing on-site asphalt
pavement, and reuse on the project for sub-grade and fill
Recycled materials include - ground granulated blast furnace slag used in
concrete mixes to replace 40% of portland cement, structural steel and cold
formed metal framing, synthetic gypsum wallboard, acoustical ceiling tiles, etc.

 
 

Healthy Interiors

Results
Building fenestration and interior design will allow access to daylighting for 77%
of regularly occupied spaces
Optimized fresh air quantities
Building systems and occupants protected from construction contamination
Reduced exposure to contaminants, volatile organic compounds, urea
formaldehyde
Occupant comfort enhanced

Strategies
Low-VOC, and low-odor products
Healthy indoor air quality to enhance police training
Design for physical activity to promote physical fitness in daily activities
Demand controlled ventilation with CO2 monitoring – in densely occupied spaces
(offices/classrooms), and variable occupancy spaces (auditorium)
Protect HVAC systems during construction, by sealing ductwork and using
minimum MERV 8 filters for systems used during construction
Perform flush-out after substantial completion
Low-emitting Materials - adhesives, sealants, paints, coating, composite wood,
and carpet
Glare minimization – dual strategies of ceramic frit patterns on selected areas of
glazing, and manual interior solar shades

 
 


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