Apartment buildings in R8 districts can range from mid-rise, eight- to ten-story buildings to much taller buildings set back from the street on large zoning lots. This high density residential district is mapped along the Grand Concourse in the Bronx and on the edge of Brooklyn Heights. R8 districts are also widely mapped in Manhattan neighborhoods, such as Washington Heights. New buildings in R8 districts may be developed under either height factor regulations or the optional Quality Housing regulations that often reflect the older, pre-1961 neighborhood streetscape.
Height Factor Regulations
(FAR) for height factor development in R8 districts ranges from 0.94 to 6.02; the open space ratio
(OSR) ranges from 5.9 to 11.9. A taller building may be obtained by providing more open space. In the diagram, for example, 64% of the zoning lot with the 17-story building must be open space (6.02 FAR x 10.7 OSR). Thus, the maximum FAR is achievable only where the zoning lot is large enough to accommodate a practical building footprint as well as the required amount of open space. There are no absolute height limits; the building must be set within a sky exposure plane
which, in R8 districts, begins at a height of 85 feet above the street line
and then slopes inward over the zoning lot.
Off-street parking is required for only 40% of dwelling units since these districts are easily accessed by mass transit. It can be waived if 15 or fewer parking spaces are required or if the zoning lot is 10,000 square feet or less.
Cadman Plaza, Brooklyn