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Reference > Transportation Planning > Parking Policy Printer Friendly Version
Parking Parking Policy

Bicycle & Greenway | Pedestrian | Parking | Roadway and Other Projects

New York City is a city of diverse neighborhoods with varying densities and unique features. Planning for and improving our transportation infrastructure is essential for the city’s sustainable growth and development. Off-street parking is an important element of the transportation network and affects how residents, workers, and visitors move around and access the city. The Department is undertaking a series of studies on parking and zoning to update and improve the off-street parking regulations outlined in the Zoning Resolution for personal vehicles, commercial vehicles and bicycles.

Where and how vehicles and bicycles are parked in the city is of interest for many people in the metropolitan area whether they own or drive a vehicle, a bicycle, both or neither. Planners, developers, and builders are trying to find the right formula for balancing competing needs. These include neighborhood concerns about general quality of life issues related to the availability and number of on-street parking spaces and vehicles cruising in search of parking; developers’ concerns about the cost of providing too much or too few parking spaces for prospective occupants; and environmental considerations to reduce congestion and carbon emissions and improve air quality by reducing automobile use.

In order to help balance these competing needs, the Department has been engaged in the following studies:

Inner Ring Residential Parking Study
Inner Ring Residential Parking Study (2013) examines the relationship among cost of providing parking, residents’ choices about vehicles, and zoning requirements for parking within neighborhoods in Upper Manhattan, the South Bronx, western Queens, and northern and central Brooklyn. Based on extensive analysis, it identifies several principles to guide parking policies and to inform future discussions about land use and parking in these neighborhoods.
Manhattan Core Public Parking Study
Manhattan Core Public Parking Study (2011) analyzes the utilization and supply of off-street public parking in Manhattan Community Districts 1 through 8, an area known as the “Manhattan Core.”  Since 1982, zoning regulations have limited the amount of new parking permitted in the Manhattan Core.  The study examines the current use of public parking facilities, along with demographic and transportation trends, in order to inform potential changes to the Manhattan Core parking regulations.
Parking Best Practices
Parking Best Practices (2011) reviews parking regulations and policies used by various cities as a way to manage on-street and off-street parking resources, as well as address traffic congestion.
Peripheral Travel Study
The Peripheral Travel Study (2010) evaluates journey-to-work commutes for workers who live and/or work in the boroughs outside of Manhattan. Since subway and commuter rail systems focus primarily on delivering commuters to the Manhattan Central Business Districts (CBD), this study presents an opportunity to analyze work trips involving other destinations, around the periphery of the CBD.

Residential Parking Study The Residential Parking Study (2009) looks at the Zoning Resolution’s parking requirements for new housing and the car ownership patterns of the residents of such housing. The study also evaluates the patterns of car ownership with regard to building type, location in the city, and socioeconomic and demographic factors in order to determine whether current parking regulations reflect demand for parking.

The Department is currently focusing on the following study:

The Inner Ring Residential Parking Study assesses the relationships between off-street parking supply in new housing, residential off-street parking requirements, the cost of off-street parking, vehicle ownership and utilization, and household travel patterns in transit-oriented communities close to the Manhattan Core. The results of this research will be used to inform potential changes to parking policies in Inner Ring communities.


Related Parking Projects:
Car Share Zoning Text Amendment

The Car Sharing Zoning Text Amendment (2010) is a citywide zoning text amendment that allows car share vehicles to park in off-street parking garages and lots in suitable locations. Car sharing is a service that can improve the mobility of New Yorkers, providing them with a wider range of economical transportation choices, while helping increase parking availability within neighborhoods.

Residential Streetscape Preservation Text Amendment Presentation The Residential Streetscape Preservation (2010) text amendment preserves and enhances the streetscape character of residential neighborhoods. The text amendment closes loopholes in front yard planting requirements, responds to concerns of Community Boards and elected officials related to inappropriate curb cuts and front yard parking pads, and clarifies parking requirements for new dwelling units created in existing homes, and for older residential buildings developed before there were parking requirements.
Cross Access Connections Zoning The Cross Access Connections Zoning (2009) Text Amendment creates a safer pedestrian and vehicular environment in Staten Island's regional shopping areas by providing direct vehicular connections between abutting commercial developments, allowing vehicles to move between retail or community facility developments without re-entering the public street.
Zoning For Bicycle Parking

The Zoning For Bicycle Parking (2009) project is a citywide zoning text amendment and report to require indoor, secure, long-term bicycle parking in new multi-family residential, community facility, and commercial buildings. This would provide for bicycle parking and storage both at home and in the workplace, with standards that serve the needs of cyclists while providing flexibility to accommodate the needs of development.

Design Standards for Commercial and Community Facility Parking Lots The Design Standards for Commercial and Community Facility Parking Lots (2007) is a citywide text amendment that applies design regulations for landscaping, perimeter screening of parking lots as well as requirements for canopy trees in planting islands within the lots.
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