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Projects & Proposals > Bronx > Sheridan-Hunts Point Printer Friendly Version
Sheridan-Hunts Point Land Use and Transportation Study
Context


Introduction | Context | Planning Process | Public Participation | Study Resources


The Sheridan Expressway (I-895) in the Bronx links the Bruckner Expressway (I-278) at its southern end and the Cross Bronx Expressway (I-95) at its northern end. The Sheridan Expressway, which opened in 1963, is 1.25 miles long; however, when the expressway was originally planned in the 1940s , it was slated to extend northward through the Bronx Zoo and into Westchester County.  In addition to automobile traffic, the Sheridan’s most critical use is the circulation of trucks  between the nation’s major agricultural regions in the western and southern parts of the country and Hunts Point Food Distribution Center.  The New York State Department of Transportation estimates that approximately 35,000 vehicles travelled daily on the Sheridan Expressway in 2009 in both directions. (Source: NYSDOT 2009 Traffic Data Report for New York State). The expressway has a number of limitations, including a limited number of interchanges and complicated intersections. The expressway can be entered southbound at  an irregular intersection of local streets (177th Street and Devoe Avenue) and from a ramp off the Cross-Bronx Expressway.  One northbound entrance to the expressway is via an on-ramp north of Hunts Point Avenue while the second entrance is via a ramp off the Bruckner Expressway.

Road and Rail Network
Road & Rail network - PDF Document View a larger image.

Sheridan Expressway: Road Network Connections
Sheridan Expressway: Road Network Connections - PDF Document View a larger image.
Land Use Map
Land Use Map - PDF Document View a larger image.


The area surrounding the Sheridan Expressway is diverse and complex. The Hunts Point Food Distribution Center (FDC) is a major user of the Sheridan Expressway and the entire highway network in the South Bronx. FDC, a 330-acre facility, is the largest wholesale food market in North America, providing food not only to the 22 million people who live in the New York region, but also the greater Mid-Atlantic and Northeast catchment area. The FDC directly employs 10,000 people in high-paying blue-collar jobs in over 115 firms, and indirectly employs tens of thousands of others, from spin-off adjacent food business and related industries that cluster near the FDC to agricultural growers across the country. The FDC includes three major cooperative markets (Hunts Point Produce Market, Hunts Point Cooperative Market and New Fulton Fish Market) as well as smaller wholesalers, food manufacturers and distributors, including Bazzini Nuts, Anheuser- Busch and Krasdale. Today, shippers face 8-13 hour delays accessing the FDC because of the need for trucks to travel on local streets, heavily congested highways, and inefficient layouts of local facilities. From a food access perspective, it is critical that the changes to the South Bronx's infrastructure improve access to FDC.

Produce Market front docks at Hunts Point
Produce Market front docks at Hunts Point
View of the Produce Market at Hunts Point
View of the Produce Market at Hunts Point
Freight train at Hunts Point Produce Market
Freight train at Hunts Point Produce Market


More than 200,000 people also live within a mile of the expressway.  Multiple neighborhoods surround the Sheridan: Crotona Park to the west, West Farms to the north, Longwood and Hunts Point to the south, Bruckner and Soundview to the east.  The expressway, despite its short length, runs through four community districts: 2, 3, 6, and 9. During the 1970s, the communities to the west of the expressway experienced the greatest population loss in the entire Bronx –a two-third population loss – but the area also saw some of the first signs of renewal in the 1980s and today Crotona Park East and Charlotte Gardens are stable residential communities. Bruckner and Soundview contain predominantly low-scale residences with some notable high-rise buildings such as Soundview Houses (NYCHA) north of Soundview Park. The Hunts Point peninsula to the south includes a stable residential population of approximately 11,000 amongst the industrial and food-related businesses.  Immediately surrounding the Sheridan Expressway are light industrial uses, auto-repair shops, auto salvage yards, parking, warehouses, as well as a small motel, multiple schools, an MTA bus depot, apartment buildings, and three parks. With support from the City, more than 4,672 new affordable housing units have been developed in the vicinity of the expressway. The Bronx River runs parallel to the expressway to the east, and the elevated #6 subway line and  regional rail/Amtrak line run along the expressway and cross it near Westchester Avenue.

Whitlock station on #6 subway line at Westchester Avenue
Whitlock station on #6 subway line at Westchester Avenue
Southern Boulevard, East Tremont Avenue, Westchester Avenue are all lively local commercial corridors in the vicinity of the Sheridan Expressway. The New Horizons Shopping Center on E 174thStreet and Bruckner Plaza in Soundview offer larger regional commercial establishments. The general area surrounding the Sheridan Expressway is well served by subways and buses. The 2 and 5 subway lines run north-south along Southern Boulevard with 5 subway stops within half mile of the Expressway and the 6 train running east-west with 3 subway stops within a half mile. Several bus routes operate along major streets in the area including 174thStreet (Bx 36), Southern Boulevard (Bx 19), West Farms Road (Bx 11, BxM 10, BxM11 and BxM 6),  East Tremont Avenue (Bx 40 and Bx 42), E 180th Street (Bx9, Bx 36), Westchester Avenue ( Bx 4, Bx 4A and Bx 27), Bruckner Boulevard (Bx 5, BxM7, BxM 7A, BxM9 & BxM11) and Hunts Point Avenue (Bx 6).

Future planning for the area will also require sensitivity to the natural resources in the area, the ongoing restoration efforts and the need to enhance access to the Bronx River and the greenway. The Bronx River flows along the eastern side of the Sheridan Expressway. From its origin at the Kensico Dam in Westchester County to the East River at Hunts Point, the Bronx River travels 23 miles and winds eight miles through the length of the Bronx. It is the only fresh water river in the City of New York. Until the 1830s, the Bronx River valley was lush with forests; however, the construction of the New York Central Railroad in the 1840s brought industrial uses to its bank which discharged waste into the river. The industrial past and increasing urban runoff resulted in degradation of the river’s water quality and shoreline. The Sheridan Expressway, first planned by Robert Moses in the 1940s, required rerouting the Bronx River.

Efforts to clean up the river date back to the Bronx River Restoration Project incorporated in 1974. The main mission of the Bronx River Alliance, founded in 2001, is to protect, improve and restore the Bronx River corridor and its watershed. The Department of Parks and Recreation and the Bronx River Alliance released the Bronx River Greenway Plan in 2006 which aims to provide a continuous connection of parks along the Bronx River thus improving public access to the river.  The greenway runs along the length of the Bronx River joining major open spaces throughout the borough, including Bronx Park (Bronx Zoo and New York Botanical Garden), Starlight Park (under construction by the New York State Department of Transportation), Concrete Plant Park (opened 2009), and Soundview Park.

Concrete Plant Park from Bruckner Boulevard
Concrete Plant Park from Bruckner Boulevard

Site of Starlight Park
Site of Starlight Park
View of Bronx River from 174th Street bridge
View of Bronx River from 174th Street bridge
For a portion of its length south of Westchester Avenue, the Sheridan Expressway runs between the elevated 6 line (right) and below-grade Amtrak lines (left).”
For a portion of its length south of Westchester Avenue, the Sheridan Expressway runs between the elevated 6 line (right) and below-grade Amtrak lines (left).”





Introduction | Context | Planning Process | Public Participation | Study Resources

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