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Projects & Proposals > Citywide > Privately Owned Public Space Printer Friendly Version
Privately Owned Public Space

Privately Owned Public SpacesCurrent Public Plaza Standards History
2007 Text Amendment 2009 Follow-up Text Amendment Inventory

  Note:

These pages present Privately Owned Public Spaces as they were described in Privately Owned Public Space: The New York City Experience, by Jerold S. Kayden, The New York City Department of City Planning, and the Municipal Art Society of New York, published by John Wiley & Sons, 2000. These pages are not regularly updated and do not describe all Privately Owned Public Spaces as they exist today.


privately owned public space: Downtown Manhattan CD 1
Maps:
The map, below, shows privately owned public spaces in Manhattan CD 1 using the classes defined at the right. Selecting a public space on the map will link to the entry in the Table with a fuller description of the public space. Tagged addresses on the map may have additional spaces classified as hiatus, circulation or marginal.
map legend

The classifications attributed to each space are taken directly from Privately Owned Public Space: The New York City Experience, by Jerold S. Kayden, The New York City Department of City Planning, and the Municipal Art Society of New York, published by John Wiley & Sons, 2000.

map of downtown manhattan community district 1

PRIVATELY OWNED PUBLIC SPACE - Classifications are defined below.
Select a "Destination" Public Space from the table for a more detailed profile.

DOWNTOWN                              Manhattan District 1
ID Building Address Building Name Public Space Classification
1 17 State Street   Arcade Circulation
      Public Exhibit Space Destination
2 1 Battery Park Plaza   Plaza Marginal
3 1 State Street 1 State Street Plaza Arcade Marginal
      Plaza Marginal
4 1 New York Plaza   Arcade Marginal
      Plaza Marginal
5 125 Broad Street 2 New York Plaza Arcade Marginal
      Plaza Hiatus
6 115 Broad Street 4 New York Plaza Arcade Marginal
      Plaza Marginal
7 85 Broad Street Goldman Sachs Arcade Circulation
      Publicly Accessible Lobby Marginal
      Sidewalk Widening Circulation
      Urban Plaza Neighborhood
8 7 Hanover Square   Arcade Circulation
      Through Block Arcade Circulation
9 55 Water Street   Arcade Marginal
      Elevated Plaza Hiatus
      Plaza Marginal
10 86 Water Street 10 Hanover Square Plaza Marginal
Return to Map
11 77 Water Street   Arcade Neighborhood
      Plaza Neighborhood
12 32 Old Slip Financial Square Arcade Circulation
      Sidewalk Widening Circulation
      Urban Plaza Hiatus
13 111 Wall Street   Arcade Marginal
      Plaza Hiatus
14 95 Wall Street   Arcade Circulation
      Plaza Marginal
15 75 Wall Street Barclays Bank Arcade Circulation
      Non-Bonused Public Open Space Neighborhood
      Urban Plaza Neighborhood
16 110 Wall Street   Arcade Circulation
17 100 Wall Street   Arcade Circulation
      Plaza Circulation
18 88 Pine Street Wall Street Plaza Special Permit Plaza Neighborhood
19 180 Maiden Lane   Enclosed Public Space Destination
      Outdoor Public Space Neighborhood
20 175 Water Street   Open Pedestrian Area Circulation
      Special Permit Arcade Circulation
Return to Map
21 180 Water Street   Arcade Marginal
      Plaza Marginal
22 200 Water Street   Arcade Marginal
      Plaza Hiatus
23 160 Water Street   Arcade Marginal
      Plaza Marginal
24 100 William Street   Covered Pedestrian Space Circulation
25 59 Maiden Lane   Arcade Marginal
      Plaza Neighborhood
26 10 Liberty Street   Residential Plaza Approved
27 60 Wall Street J.P. Morgan Arcade Circulation
      Covered Pedestrian Space Destination
28 55 Broad Street   Arcade Marginal
29 40 Broad Street   Arcade Marginal
      Urban Plaza Hiatus
30 52 Broadway   Through Block Arcade Equivalent Circulation
Return to Map
31 1 Wall Street Bank of New York Plaza Circulation
32 55 Broadway 1 Exchange Plaza Arcade Circulation
      Loggia Marginal
      Shopping Arcade Marginal
      Urban Plaza Circulation
33 45 Broadway 45 Broadway Atrium Arcade Marginal
      Shopping Arcade Marginal
34 17 Battery Place   Arcade Marginal
      Plaza Hiatus
35 90 Washington Street   Plaza Marginal
36 40 Rector Street   Plaza Marginal
37 130 Liberty Street One Bankers Trust Plaza Arcade Temporarily Closed
      Elevated Plaza Temporarily Closed
      Elevated Shopping Way Temporarily Closed
      Pedestrian Bridge Temporarily Closed
      Pedestrian Connection Temporarily Closed
      Plaza Temporarily Closed
      Shopping Arcade Temporarily Closed
38 1 Liberty Plaza One Liberty Plaza Plaza Temporarily Closed
      Special Permit Plaza Temporarily Closed
39 140 Broadway HSBC Plaza Circulation
40 33 Maiden Lane Two Federal Reserve Plaza Covered Pedestrian Space Hiatus
      Public Pedestrian Circulation Area Circulation
Return to Map
41 55 Church Street Millenium Hilton Hotel Sidewalk Widening Marginal
      Urban Plaza Hiatus
42 101 Barclay Street   Pedestrian Easement Marginal
      Public Lobby Marginal
43 105 Duane Street Tribeca Tower Residential Plaza Neighborhood
      Sidewalk Widening Circulation
      Urban Plaza Hiatus
44 388 Greenwich Street Salomon Smith Barney Plaza Marginal
      Public Plaza Neighborhood

New York City's Privately Owned Public Spaces
Classifications

The classifications attributed to each space and the definitions of the classifications listed below are taken directly from Privately Owned Public Space: The New York City Experience, by Jerold S. Kayden, The New York City Department of City Planning, and the Municipal Art Society of New York, published by John Wiley & Sons, 2000.
Destination space is high-quality public space that attracts employees, residents, and visitors from outside, as well as from, the space's immediate neighborhood. Users socialize, eat, shop, view art, or attend a programmed event, although they may also visit the space for sedentary, individual activities of reading and relaxing. The design supports a broad audience: spaces are usually sizable, well proportioned, brightly lit if indoors, aesthetically interesting, and constructed with first-class materials. Amenities are varied and frequently include some combination of food service, artwork, programmatic activities, restrooms, retail frontage, and water features, as well as seating, tables, trees, and other plantings. From time to time, a single amenity like a museum will be so compelling that it alone transforms the space into a destination space.
Neighborhood space is high-quality public space that draws residents and employees from the immediate neighborhood, including the host building and surrounding buildings within a three-block radius. Users go to neighborhood space for such activities as group socializing, taking care of children, and individual reading and relaxing. Neighborhood spaces are generally smaller that destination spaces, are strongly linked with the adjacent street and host building, are oriented toward sunlight, are made with good construction materials, and are carefully maintained. Amenities typically include seating, tables, drinking fountains, water features, planting, and trees, but not food service and programmatic uses sometimes found at destination spaces.
Hiatus space is public space that accommodates the passing user for a brief stop, but never attracts neighborhood or destination space use. Usually next to the public sidewalk and small in size, such spaces are characterized by design attributes geared to their modest function, and include such basic functional amenities as seating. Hiatus spaces range from high to low quality in terms of design, amenities, and/or aesthetic appeal.
Circulation space is public space that materially improves the pedestrian's experience of moving through the city. Its principal purpose is to enable pedestrians to move faster from point A to point B, and/or to make the journey more comfortable by providing weather protection for a significant stretch. Circulation space is sometimes uncovered, sometimes covered, and sometimes fully enclosed. It is often one link in a multiblock chain of spaces. Size, location, and proportion all support its principal mission. Functional amenities that provide a reason to linger are not taken into account when classifying a space as a circulation space.
Marginal space is public space that, lacking satisfactory levels of design, amenities, or aesthetic appeal deters members of the public from using the space for any purpose. Such spaces usually have one or more of the following characteristics: barren expanses or strips of concrete or terrazzo, elevations above or below the public sidewalk, inhospitable microclimates characterized by shade or wind, no functional amenities, spiked railings on otherwise suitable surfaces, dead or dying landscaping, poor maintenance, drop-off driveways, and no measurable public use.

Privately Owned Public Space:
Introduction
Downtown -- Manhattan District 1
Greenwich Village -- Manhattan District 2
Clinton and the Upper West Side -- Manhattan Districts 4 & 7
Central Midtown -- Manhattan District 5
East Midtown -- Manhattan District 6
Upper East Side -- Manhattan Districts 8 & 11
Downtown Brooklyn -- Brooklyn District 2
Long Island City -- Queens District 2

44: 388 Greenwich Street - Salomon Smith Barney 43: 105 Duane Street - Tribeca Tower 42: 101 Barclay Street 41: 55 Church Street - Millenium Hilton Hotel 40: 33 Maiden Lane - Two Federal Plaza 39: 140 Broadway - HSBC 38: 1 Liberty PLaza - One Liberty Plaza 37: 130 Liberty Street - One Bankers Trust Plaza 36: 40 Rector Street 35: 90 Washington Street 34: 17 Battery Place 33: 45 Broadway - 45 Broadway Atrium 32: 55 Broadway - 1 Exchange Plaza 31: 1 Wall Street - Bank of New York 30: 52 Broadway 29: 40 Broad Street 28: 55 Broad Street 27: 60 Wall Street - J. P. Morgan 26: 10 Liberty Street 25: 59 Maiden Lane 24: 100 William Street 23: 160 Water Street 22: 200 Water Street 21: 180 Water Street 20: 175 Water Street 19: 180 Maiden Lane 18: 88 Pine Street - Wall Street Plaza 17: 100 Wall Street 16: 110 Wall Street 15: 75 Wall Street - Barclays Bank 14: 95 Wall Street 13: 111 Wall Street 12: 32 Old Slip - Financial Square 11: 77 Water Street 10: 86 Water Street - 10 Hanover Square 9: 55 Water Street 8: 7 Hanover Square 7: 85 Broad Street - Goldman Sachs 6: 115 Broad Street - 4 New York Plaza 5: 125 Broad Street - 2 New York Plaza 4: 1 New York Plaza 3: 1 State Street - 1 State Street Plaza 2: 1 Battery Park Plaza 1: 17 State Street
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