Grand Street is located at the junction of the neighborhoods of Northside and Southside in the Williamsburg section of Brooklyn. The rezoning area is located two blocks east of the East River and four blocks north of the Williamsburg Bridge. The Grand Street rezoning area partially overlaps the southern end of the area rezoned in the 2005 Greenpoint-Williamsburg Rezoning.
The first local ferry service between Williamsburg and Manhattan was located at the foot of Grand Street (now in Grand Ferry Park), and Grand Street developed as a major thoroughfare in Williamsburg in the early 19th century.
Today, Grand Street has a low-rise mixed-use context with a wide variety of ground floor commercial uses and a substantial residential presence on upper floors. The rezoning area is predominantly occupied by three- to four- story attached apartment buildings and row houses with commercial use on the ground floor. A few tenement and apartment buildings rise to 6 stories and some 1-story commercial or industrial buildings also are present.
The G, L and J-M-Z subway lines all stop within six blocks of the rezoning area. Two bus lines also run through the rezoning area to points in Brooklyn and Queens.
The rezoning area is currently zoned R6, with C1-3, C1-4, C2-3, and C2-4 commercial overlays mapped along Grand Street and other streets.
R6 is a height factor district with no height limits and which permits tower construction on large lots. The maximum floor area ratio (FAR) in R6 is 2.43 for residential buildings and 4.8 for community facilities . The optional Quality Housing program permits an FAR of 2.2 on narrow streets and 3.0 on wide streets and limits building heights to 55 feet and 70 feet, respectively. Off-street parking is required for 70 percent of the dwelling units, or for 50 percent of the dwelling units when the Quality Housing program is utilized.
The commercial overlays mapped within the rezoning area permit local commercial retail and service uses. C1 overlays permit basic small-scale retail shops and offices and C2 overlays permit a slightly broader range of service uses, such as funeral homes and repair shops. C1 and C2 overlays have a maximum FAR of 2.0 when mapped in R6 districts, though commercial uses are limited to the ground floor when residences are located above. C1-3 and C2-3 overlays require one parking space per 400 square feet of general retail space while C1-4 and C2-4 overlays require one parking space per 1,000 square feet of general retail space. Overlays are mapped at a depth of 150 feet along Bedford Avenue, and Roebling and Havemeyer Streets. Overlays along Grand Street are mapped at various depths to cover lots fronting on Grand Street.
See Zoning Comparisons Table for comparison of existing and proposed zoning districts.
1* Under the current R6 zoning, properties subject to the Inclusionary Housing program have, on narrow streets, a base FAR of 2.2, bonusable to 2.42, and on wide streets, a base FAR of 2.7, bonusable to 3.6