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Projects & Proposals > Brooklyn > Fort Greene / Clinton Hill Printer Friendly Version
Fort Greene / Clinton Hill Rezoning - Approved!
Existing Context and Zoning
Introduction | Existing Context and Zoning | Proposed Zoning | Public Review

Neighborhood Character
Land Use Map
Land Use Map
PDF Document View Larger Image
The neighborhoods of Fort Greene and Clinton Hill are located adjacent to and east of Downtown Brooklyn and are predominantly characterized by three-to five-story brownstone row houses. The rezoning area is generally bounded by Park Avenue to the north, Atlantic Avenue to the south, Fort Greene Park, Ashland Place and Carlton Avenue to the west and Classon Avenue to the east. Classon Avenue demarks both the boundary between community districts 2 and 3 where transition to the neighboring brownstone neighborhood of Bedford Stuyvesant begins.

In addition to the typical brownstone row houses, Fort Greene and Clinton Hill contain a variety of housing types ranging from one- and two-family homes to multi-family apartment buildings. The residential core is comprised of brownstone rowhouses ranging from three- to five-stories, mid-nineteenth century Romanesque revival mansions and mid-rise apartment buildings. Approximately half of the blocks at the core of the proposed rezoning area are within the Fort Greene and Clinton Hill Historic Districts designated by the Landmarks Preservation Commission in 1978 and 1981, respectively.

The Wallabout area, located at the northern section of the rezoning area between Park and Myrtle Avenues, is noted for having the largest concentration of pre-Civil War, wood frame houses in the city. The homes were originally built as housing for employees of the nearby Brooklyn Navy Yard.

Several mansions in Clinton Hill are associated with Charles Pratt, the original founder of Pratt Institute, located just outside the rezoning area to the east. Immediately north of the Pratt campus are three, sixteen-story residential towers; the Willoughby Walk Cooperative apartments and the third tower is a Pratt dormitory.

Myrtle Avenue and Fulton Street are the neighborhood's major commercial corridors and are generally characterized by three- to four-story apartment buildings with ground-floor retail uses. In 2005, the Myrtle Avenue Business Improvement District was established affirming the community's commitment to the revitalization and maintenance of this corridor. Atlantic Avenue, located at the southern boundary of the rezoning area and of Community District 2, is characterized by low-rise retail stores and automotive uses.

The Fort Greene and Clinton Hill neighborhoods are home to several well-known academic and cultural institutions including Pratt Institute, an internationally recognized art, design and architecture school established in 1887, St. Joseph’s College, and Brooklyn Technical High School, established in 1916 and 1932, respectively. The Brooklyn Academy of Music, located at the southwestern boundary of the rezoning area and adjacent to Downtown Brooklyn, has served the surrounding community for over 100 years and has grown into a thriving urban arts center that brings international performing arts and film to Brooklyn.

The rezoning area is well served by mass transit, the A and C trains run beneath Fulton Street, and serve the rezoning area with stations at Lafayette and Clinton Avenue. The G train has stops along Lafayette Avenue at Fulton Street, Clinton Avenue and Classon Avenue. Nine bus lines serve the proposed rezoning area running along each of the neighborhood's major Avenues.




Residential Core
Residential Core: Willoughby Avenue and Hall Street
Willoughby Avenue and Hall Street
Residential Core: St. James Place at Clifton Place
St. James Place at Clifton Place


Wallabout Neighborhood
Wallabout Neighborhood: Carlton Avenue between Park and Myrtle Avenues
Carlton Avenue between Park and Myrtle Avenues
Wallabout Neighborhood: Vanderbilt Avenue between Park and Myrtle Avenues
Vanderbilt Avenue between Park and Myrtle Avenues


Historic Buildings and Institutions
Catholic Bishops Residence, Clinton Avenue
Catholic Bishops Residence, Clinton Avenue
St. Joseph's College, Clinton Avenue
St. Joseph's College, Clinton Avenue


Out of Character Development
Out of Character Development: Carlton Avenue and Greene Avenue
Carlton Avenue and Greene Avenue
Out of Character Development: between Park & Myrtle Avenue
Between Park & Myrtle Avenue


Commercial Corridors
Commercial Corridor: Myrtle Avenue
Myrtle Avenue   
Commercial Corridor: Fulton Street
Fulton Street 
Commercial Corridor: Atlantic Avenue
Atlantic Avenue



Existing Zoning
Existing Zoning Map
Existing Zoning Map
PDF Document View Larger Image
The majority of the rezoning area is currently zoned R6, a residential district designation that has been in place since the adoption of the Zoning Resolution in 1961. Other medium-density districts include R7-1 and R7-2, which were mapped to facilitate large residential developments. Commercial overlays are mapped along Myrtle Avenue, Fulton Street, DeKalb Avenue and Grand Avenue which permit local retail and service uses. Portions of six blocks along Atlantic Avenue are currently zoned M1-1.


R6
97 full or partial blocks of the total 99 blocks within the rezoning area are currently zoned R6 which is a height factor district. Residential and community facility uses are permitted with no height limits with a maximum floor area ratio (FAR) of up to 2.43 for residential uses and up to 4.8 FAR for buildings containing community facility uses. Off-street parking is required for 70% of the dwelling units. Developers can utilize the optional Quality Housing program which permits 2.2 FAR on narrow streetswith a 55 foot height limit and 3.0 FAR (R6A equivalent) on wide streets with a height limit of 70 feet. Under Quality Housing off-street parking is required is for 50% of the dwelling units. In R6 districts, if fewer than five spaces are required off-street parking is waived. The current R6 zoning allows and has resulted in construction of 11-13 story tower buildings that are out of character with the predominant four-story row house context.


R7-1
One block frontage along the south side of Myrtle Avenue between Hall Street and Emerson Place contains one-story retail uses and is currently zoned R7-1 with a C1-5 overlay. R7-1 zoning districts permit residential and community facility uses with no height limits and a maximum FAR of 3.44 for residential uses and 4.8 FAR for community facility uses. The Quality Housing Program permits 3.44 FAR on narrow streets with a maximum base height of 60 feet and a maximum building height of 75 feet and 4.0 FAR (R7A equivalent) on wide streets with a required maximum base height of 65 feet and a maximum building height of 80 feet. Off-street parking is required for 60% of the dwelling units. In R7-1 districts, parking is waived if five spaces or less are required.


R7-2
An R7-2 district is mapped over portions of three blocks along the north side of Fulton Street between Carlton Avenue and Vanderbilt Avenue. Residential and community facility uses are permitted, with no height limits and a maximum FAR of 3.44 for residential uses and 6.5 FAR for community facility uses. The Quality Housing Program permits 3.44 FAR on narrow streets with a maximum base height of 60 feet and a maximum building height of 75 feet and 4.0 FAR (R7A equivalent) on wide streets with a required maximum base height of 65 feet and a maximum building height of 80 feet. In R7-2, off-street parking is required for 50% of the dwelling units and parking is waived if 15 or fewer spaces are required.


Commercial Overlays
There are C1-3, C1-5, C2-3 and C2-4 commercial overlays mapped for local retail and service uses along Myrtle Avenue, Fulton Street, DeKalb Avenue and Grand Avenue. There is only one C2-4 overlay currently mapped within the rezoning area which is located on Fulton Street between Ashland Place and St. Felix Street.

C1 districts allow for typical local retail uses where C2 districts meet broader shopping and service needs. Commercial buildings within C1 and C2 districts are allowed a maximum FAR of 2.0. Most existing commercial overlays within the rezoning area are mapped at a depth of 150 feet with the exception of nine block frontages. The proposed rezoning would adjust the depth of commercial overlays to 100 feet to reflect the depth of the lots containing commercial uses fronting on commercial corridors.

The parking requirements for most local retail commercial uses within the C1-3 and C2-3 districts is one parking space for every 400 square feet of commercial use. The parking requirement in C2-4 districts is one parking space for every 1,000 square feet of commercial use and parking is waived for commercial establishments less than 40,000 square feet. There are no parking requirements for C1-5 districts.


M1-1
Portions of six blocks located along the north side of Atlantic Avenue at the southern boundary of the rezoning area are zoned M1-1.  These blocks contain predominantly one- and two-story auto- related businesses.  M1-1 districts permit Use Groups 4-14, 16, 17 which include light-manufacturing, commercial and limited community facility uses.  M1-1 districts have a maximum FAR of 1.0 for manufacturing and commercial uses and 2.4 FAR for community facility use.  The parking requirements for most commercial and manufacturing uses is 1 space per every 1,000 sf of development.





Introduction | Existing Context and Zoning | Proposed Zoning | Public Review


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