While the five focus areas have distinct characteristics that warrant individual evaluation, they also share many pedestrian-related issues. The general elements that would improve the pedestrian environment throughout the study area are sidewalk treatment, lighting, landscaped medians, prominent street crossings, welcoming entries, plazas and attractive underpasses. Materials and treatments should be chosen for their aesthetic qualities, but should also be affordable to install and maintain. Materials that meet city standards should be used in creative and attractive ways where possible to minimize costs. Where materials are not standard, a maintenance agreement with a non-city entity will be required.