CEO and Abt Associates Release a Study of the Effects of Neighborhood Change on Public Housing Residents
In May 2015, CEO and Abt Associates released a report, examining how the socioeconomic makeup of neighborhoods surrounding New York City Housing Authority (NYCHA) developments, and recent changes in that makeup, affect public housing residents’ quality of life.
The economic landscape surrounding many NYCHA developments – often first built in low-income neighborhoods - has changed over time. Researchers separated neighborhoods surrounding NYCHA developments into three classifications of persistently low, increasing, or persistently high income when compared to the NYC median over three decades.
Researchers found statistically significant differences in earnings for NYCHA residents living in different neighborhood types, unlikely to have been affected by resident selection bias. Annual household earnings average $4,500 higher for public housing residents in high-income neighborhoods as compared to persistently low-income neighborhoods. Earnings are $3,000 higher for those in increasing income neighborhoods.
The study engaged NYCHA residents as research partners in three in-depth case studies in Morris Heights, Long Island City, and Chelsea. The qualitative results complement the quantitative findings by describing residents’ personal experiences of neighborhood change, highlighting some of the ways this observed difference in incomes may be offset by higher costs for NYCHA residents in high income neighborhoods. In all three types of neighborhoods, residents expressed a need for more enrichment, skill-building, and employment opportunities, of the sort offered by CEO and NYC Young Men’s Initiative (YMI) programs.
The report was conducted in partnership with the NYU Furman Center, BronxWorks, Hudson Guild, and Urban Upbound, and the New York City Housing Authority.
Read full report, The Effects of Neighborhood Change on New York City Housing Authority Residents, and the Findings at a Glance.
Work Progress Program and NYC Recovers: Funding Notice
CEO’s Work Progress Program (WPP) and NYC Recovers, implemented in partnership with the NYC Human Resources Administration (HRA), are subsidized wage programs designed to complement existing youth services programs by providing participating low-income young adults with work experience. The programs currently serve over 1,000 participants through more than 30 service providers.
Service providers currently serving low-income young adults are eligible to apply for subsidized job funding for their participants. Applications are considered on a rolling basis, and the new FY16 application can be found here.
Please note that CEO is currently accepting applications proposing program start dates prior to June 30th (in addition to programming that starts within FY16).
Mayor Bill De Blasio and CEO Release Latest Citywide Poverty Measure
The NYC Center for Economic Opportunity's annual report on poverty, "The CEO
Poverty Measure, 2005 - 2013" is now available. As the economy continued to
emerge from recession in 2013, citywide poverty remained statistically
unchanged from the previous year. In addition to the CEO Poverty Measure
Report, please see the recently-released OneNYC report, a comprehensive
plan for a sustainable and resilient city for all New Yorkers.
Read the Poverty Measure report (in PDF)
Read the OneNYC report (in PDF)
Urban Institute Releases Latest Evaluation of Teen ACTION
In March 2015, the Urban Institute released an evaluation of Teen ACTION, an after-school program offered by the Center for Economic Opportunity (CEO) in partnership with the Department of Youth and Community Development (DYCD). Teen ACTION (Achieving Change Together in Our Neighborhood) is designed to reduce risky behavior among teens in middle and high school through service learning, which combines community service with structured classroom activities.
Urban Institute’s evaluation focuses on identifying participant experiences of the program, as well as outcomes with regard to risky behavior (e.g. sexual health) and academic achievement. The evaluation finds that:
- Teen ACTION has positive effects on participants’ knowledge, behaviors, school performance, interpersonal relationships, and community engagement.
- The program helped participants to set long-term goals and understand how to achieve them, and participants reported being able to connect their choices to potential outcomes.
- Incorporating youth input and youth-driven decision making was a key element for keeping youth engaged and motivated while also contributing to their development of leadership skills and overall growth.
Recognizing the evidence supporting a service learning strategy, CEO and DYCD have included service learning in other programming for young people including NYC Justice Corps, Project Rise, and Justice Community. Going forward, CEO will continue to research these and similar youth development strategies with the goal of bringing effective practices to scale.
Read Urban Institute’s complete evaluation report on Teen ACTION.
The State of New York City Women
As UN Women celebrates the 20th Anniversary of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action during the 59th session of the Commission on the Status of Women here in New York City, the Mayor’s Office joins in the effort to review recent progress and emphasize the ongoing commitment to increasing gender equality. Confronting inequality is the central focus of the de Blasio administration and improving the safety, equality and empowerment of women and girls is fundamental to building a greater New York City for all.
CEO prepared this brief in partnership with the Office of the Counsel to the Mayor, the Department of Education, the Department of Consumer Affairs, and the Mayor’s Office to Combat Domestic Violence. It focuses on three issue areas of central importance to women where advances have been made in the past year, with more to come: Paid Sick Leave, Pre-K for All, and combatting domestic violence.
Highlights for Gender Equity in 2014:
- 53,000 students enrolled in full-day pre-K (51% girls) which supports girls’ education and improves parents’ child care options. Pre-K for All provides greater economic opportunities for working families, including working mothers, and through an investment in teachers supports early education careers.
- 243,000 estimated women gained the right to paid sick leave through an expansion of the Earned Sick Time Act. Paid sick leave is especially important for women, who make up the majority of care takers.
- 36,700 people (86% women) received domestic violence prevention or support services at New York City Family Justice Centers. Client visits increased 22.3 percent in 2014 due to greater outreach and community engagement.
In November 2014, the City entered into a memorandum of agreement with UN Women on the Safe Cities Global Initiative which underscores New York City’s commitment to serve as a global leader in achieving women’s equality.
Read the full brief (in PDF)
MDRC Releases Latest Evaluation of the Young Adult Literacy Program
In February 2015, the Center for Economic Opportunity (CEO) released Improving Outcomes for New York City’s Disconnected Youth, an MDRC evaluation of the Young Adult Literacy program (YAL). The evaluation documents some of the core challenges of implementing a literacy program for young adults and shares strategies programs are using to overcome challenges.
The program provides young adults ages 16-24 who are out of work and out of school and read at the 4th-8th grade levels with targeted instruction specifically tailored to their needs and interests. It was launched by CEO in partnership with the Department of Youth and Community Development (DYCD), Brooklyn Public Library, New York Public Library, and Queens Public Library in 2008 and expanded under the Young Men’s Initiative in 2011.
The MDRC evaluation finds that some of the core challenges to implementation include: participant attendance and retention, teacher and other staff turnover, and engagement of students with sometimes widely different skill levels. In addition, programs report challenges with striking a balance between enforcement of program requirements and flexibility to accommodate participants’ life circumstances.
However, the report also documents some key strategies programs are using to overcome challenges or enhance their success such as:
- Strong team coordination
- Use of full-time instructors
- Allowing time for lesson-planning
- Fostering a sense of community among students and staff
- Clear articulation and reinforcement of program norms
- Linking to on-site HSE programs
Looking forward, CEO will continue to partner with DYCD and others to ensure that the lessons of Young Adult Literacy and its other programs are informing programming across the city to help low-literacy youth connect to pathways that further their education and careers.
Read MDRC’s full evaluation of the Young Adult Literacy Program, as well as previous studies of the program that helped to inform its current model.
2014 Data-Driven Provider Award Winners: Celebrating Excellence in Program Management and Performance
The Center for Economic Opportunity (CEO) and its agency partners are pleased to present the 2014 Data Driven Provider Awards. These winners represent service providers of CEO and Young Men’s Initiative (YMI) programs whose smart use of data and excellent outcomes produced exciting advances in their delivery of services for low-income New Yorkers.
CEO and YMI are committed to a culture of performance management and evaluation to ensure program participants receive the highest quality services. This second annual Data-Driven Provider Award celebrates community-based providers who demonstrated data-driven decision-making and high performance throughout Fiscal Year 2014.
CEO and YMI providers were invited to apply for an award if their program had at least five providers and they achieved performance outcomes in the top 50% of those providers. In their applications, providers were asked to describe how they used data to drive learning and innovation in their program management. City agency partners in collaboration with CEO reviewed all applications and selected the winners.
CEO and YMI thank its partners and all providers who submitted applications.
Click on the links below for descriptions of the programs and to see more information about the providers. An (*) indicates a program expanded or created with support from the NYC Young Men’s Initiative.
Advocate, Intervene, Mentor (AIM) Program administered by the NYC Department of Probation*
Winner: Youth Advocate Programs, Inc.
Arches: Transformative Mentoring Program administered by the NYC Department of Probation*
Winner:New York Center for Interpersonal Development
Jobs-Plus administered by the NYC Human Resource Administration and New York City Housing Authority*
Winner: Bedford Stuyvesant Restoration Corporation
Justice Community administered by the NYC Department of Probation*
Winner: The Osborne Association
Justice Scholars administered by the NYC Department of Probation*
Winner: NYC Mission Society
Social Innovation Fund, All NYC Program Providers administered by the Center for Economic Opportunity
Winner: Children’s Aid Society (Family Rewards)
Teen ACTION administered by the NYC Department of Youth and Community Development
Winner: SCO Family of Services, Center for Family Life
Young Adult Internship Program administered by the NYC Department of Youth and Community Development*
Winner: The Door
CEO is committed to assessing the impact of its programs using data and evaluation. CEO releases annual key performance indicators for its programs and shares evaluation findings on its website.